Analysis on export competitiveness of safety shoes in China

1. China’s safety shoes export competitiveness comparative advantage index (RCA)

generally speaking, if RCA & lt; 8, the comparative disadvantage is obvious. On the contrary, if the RCA value is greater than 1, it indicates that the country’s product is in a comparative advantage in international competition, and the larger the value is, the more obvious the advantage is. 1f RCA 25, indicating that this kind of product has a strong comparative advantage; RCA&gt2.5, the comparative advantage of this kind of products is very strong

China’s safety shoes show a high comparative advantage. The export competitiveness of safety shoes shows a rising trend, and the rising rate is accelerating. China has a strong competitive advantage, and its overall dominant position is unshakable. However, we must realize that at present, the export competitive advantage of our country’s safety shoes is concentrated on the labor-intensive basic type of body shoes, while the high-end rest shoes with relatively technology intensive do not have the export competitive advantage or export competitiveness. This conclusion is consistent with the traditional comparative advantage theory, our country is rich in labor, but lack of technology< China's safety shoes export market share this paper uses the ratio of China’s safety shoes export amount to the world’s safety shoes export amount to measure its “sphere of influence” in the international market. According to tabl2, we can find that the market share of the major safety shoes exporting countries in the world, except 1ndia, has been relatively stable in recent years. The market share of other major safety shoes exporting countries has been significantly reduced. 1taly has reduced from 42.23% in 2002 to 21.02% in 2006. The United Kingdom and the United States have directly become net importers from exporting countries. At the same time, the proportion of China’s safety shoes in the international market is not only very large, but also the expansion speed is further accelerating. Compared with the previous year, the expansion rate is increasing every year. 1n 2006 alone, it increased by 14.65% compared with 2005. 1t is expected that it will continue to expand in the next few years, and it has a strong international export competitiveness< 3. Distribution of China's safety shoes export market the main export market of China’s safety shoes is the United States, followed by Europe, and there are also a small number of exports in Latin America, Africa and Oceania. 1n recent years, China’s export market structure is constantly adjusting. Although the absolute proportion of exports to the United States and Europe, this proportion has a decreasing trend. Exports to Latin America, Africa and Oceania are on the rise. The reasons for this phenomenon are: on the one hand, the original market tends to be saturated, the market competition is too fierce, and most developed countries have strict trade barriers, which easily leads to trade friction; On the other hand, with the economic development of developing countries and underdeveloped countries, there is a new demand for safety shoes, and China’s safety shoes production technology and product prices are more suitable for the needs of countries in Latin America, Africa and other regions< 4. The distribution of China's safety shoes export cities the distribution of China’s safety shoes export cities presents a pattern of coastal provinces and cities as the main, and key areas are relatively concentrated. Guangdong, Zhejiang and Jiangsu have the largest export volume, and they are the backbone of China’s safety shoes export, followed by Liaoning, Shandong and Anhui. 1n recent years, China’s central and western provinces such as Shaanxi, Hebei and Sichuan have also begun to produce safety shoes for export, but on the whole, the production and export areas of safety shoes are still unbalanced China labor insurance net

Back to list