China’s shoe industry faces greater pressure of trade protection

although Germany has not released its export data for 2009, it is certain that China will surpass Germany as the world’s largest exporter according to the current situation. However, the title of “export first” does not bring much joy to China, because it is likely to face more, greater and more diversified trade protectionism risks< 1n the first 11 months of 2009, Germany's total exports amounted to US $1.05 trillion, while China's exports amounted to US $1.07 trillion in the same period; German foreign trade institutions predict that Germany's exports in 2009 will be US $1.17 trillion, while China's exports in 2009 have actually exceeded US $1.2 trillion the biggest protectionist pressure facing China is likely to come from the United States. On January 6, the U.S. Department of Commerce made a preliminary ruling, imposing an anti-dumping duty of 43% to 289% on wire mesh pallets imported from China, which was regarded by the industry as the beginning of trade friction between China and the United States in the new year in 2009, the United States has stepped up its trade protectionism measures against China, including imposing anti-dumping duties of up to 99.14% on oil pipelines, and taking anti-dumping measures against China in the fields of tires, seamless steel pipes, barium chloride, ironing boards, etc. 1n addition, there are a series of trade protectionism measures in the pipeline Roger shaglin, a lawyer involved in trade friction cases between the United States and China, believes that there is fertile soil for “a substantial increase in anti-dumping and countervailing litigation cases” in 2010. Krugman, the Nobel Laureate in economics, recently defended US trade protectionism and encouraged the United States to launch a large-scale trade confrontation with China Chinese economists believe that trade protectionism measures against China are “absurd”. Zuo Xiaolei, chief economist of galaxy securities, pointed out that the huge trade deficit of the United States with China was caused by itself” The United States’ unwillingness to sell high-tech products to China is the main reason for its huge deficit. “ another huge protectionist pressure will come from the EU. On December 22 last year, the EU finally decided to extend the anti-dumping duty on Chinese leather shoes for another 15 months. 1n the past few months, the European Union has launched anti-dumping investigations against China’s steel wire rod, seamless steel pipe, sodium gluconate, steel cable, aluminum alloy wheel hub, etc since November 2008, China has suffered more than 100 trade protectionism barriers, accounting for more than one third of the trade protectionism measures taken by countries and regions in the world in the same period, ranking first in the world. According to the statistics of China’s Ministry of Commerce, there were more than 100 trade friction cases involving Chinese products in 2009 alone, involving about 12 billion US dollars, both of which doubled over the same period< 1n addition, Argentina, 1ndia, Brazil, Mexico and other developing countries have launched anti-dumping and countervailing investigations against Chinese products, involving chloromethane, centrifugal pumps, screw compressors, hypodermic syringes and other commodities according to the statistics of British Trade Research 1nstitute, the number of discriminatory trade laws in the world will far exceed that of free trade laws, showing a one-sided trend of 6:1. More than 90% of the world’s trade goods will be affected by trade protection measures to a certain extent trade protection measures have caused great damage to China’s related industries. Wei Yafei, director of the leather shoes and tourist shoes professional committee of the China Leather Association, said that since the EU imposed anti-dumping duties in 2006, China has reduced its exports of about 40 million pairs of shoes to the EU, which alone has resulted in the unemployment of about 20000 Chinese workers trade protectionism forces consumers in Europe and the United States to buy goods at higher prices. Lin Yifu, vice president of the world bank, said in New York on the 7th that restricting China’s exports to the United States will not be conducive to the interests of American consumers, and will not help solve the problem of U.S. trade imbalance. 1f the United States turns to import from other countries and regions, the cost will only be higher Zhang Jun, an expert from the University of international business and economics, believes that with the expansion of export scale, China’s external trade risk will always rise. He pointed out that China’s labor cost advantage will continue for a long time, and high value-added products will not be able to dominate the export in the short term “only when China’s industrial structure is adjusted can the risk of trade protectionism be improved, but it will not disappear. 1t will always exist.” Zhang Junsheng said

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