Dust comes up again. Don’t forget the dust mask when you go out

Studies have shown that sandstorms occur frequently in northern China from late April to late May every year. Just in the past “May Day”, the weather of sand blowing swept everyone’s interest on the first day of the long holiday” “Don’t want to go out” is the strongest feeling of many people in such weather; There are many people who feel irritable and depressed; Some patients with chronic diseases even have respiratory tract, cardiovascular and other aspects of discomfort. However, the weather is not over. To what extent will it affect people’s physical and mental health, and from what aspects and how to protect them? 1n this issue, our reporter is divided into several channels, and experts are invited to make a detailed analysis for you

don’t be careless, dusty weather can also be bad mood

dialogue with Fang Jianqun, director of Psychosomatic Medicine Department of General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University

the reason is that the gray sky, the air with earthy smell, the dust in hair, eyes and nostrils… This kind of weather not only affects people’s health, but also destroys people’s good mood. Fang Jianqun analysis, the emergence of special weather, easy to cause hormonal disorders secreted by the human brain, induce psychological susceptible people anxiety, chronic fatigue syndrome, depression and other psychological diseases, but also make the patients with psychological diseases, mental illness aggravation, abnormal anxiety. According to Fang Jianqun’s analysis, the flying sand and strong wind will make people feel disgusted with the wind in vision and hearing, and the dust weather will also bring about a sharp drop in temperature, which will make people feel depressed and afraid. At the same time, dust weather will reduce people’s reaction ability, and frequent traffic accidents are closely related to mood

countermeasures at ordinary times, we should pay attention to cultivating various interests and hobbies, and carry out more colorful indoor activities, so that we can live happily indoors even in dusty weather. For outdoor workers, we should try to reduce the working time outside and avoid long-time contact with dust. 1f the mental health problems are serious in the dust weather, we should go to the psychological counseling organization in time for psychological counseling(Reporter: Jiang Lu, Li Dongmei:

remember, respiratory diseases happen as soon as they blow

dialogue: Cui Liping, deputy chief physician of respiratory and critical care medicine department, General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University

cause in dusty weather, the concentration of total suspended particles and inhalable particles in the atmosphere increases, and these dust particles will enter the human airway with human breathing, 1n particular, particles with a diameter of 0.5-5 microns can enter the bronchi and bronchioles, and finally settle in the alveoli, which has a strong stimulating effect on the lung tissue, causing shortness of breath, chest tightness, cough and other discomfort reactions, causing acute and chronic respiratory diseases

countermeasures “in case of dust weather, people who have to work outdoors should wear masks as much as possible to avoid exposure to polluted air.” Cui Liping reminded the public that the impact of dust weather on normal people is formed bit by bit. At first, people may not feel any discomfort, but pathological changes occur in human organs unconsciously. 1f they are in a polluted air environment for a long time and do not take any protective measures, respiratory diseases may be induced for many years. Therefore, when encountering dust weather, try not to go out. 1f you have to go out, you must not open your mouth and take a deep breath. Try to wear a professional dust mask

protect well, sensitive skin is the most injured

dialogue with Zhu Xiangdong, deputy chief physician of Dermatology Department of Ningxia Academy of traditional Chinese medicine

the reason is that the weather in spring is relatively dry, and the moisture on the surface of skin is easily taken away by wind dust, which leads to rough skin and coarse pores. When encountering dust weather, the tiny dust and floating objects in the air carry some germs and viruses, and the pores will be blocked after skin contact. 1f not removed for a long time, will have acne, allergic skin will appear red blood, pigmentation

countermeasures: hydrating, moisturizing and cleaning are the first tasks to protect skin in dusty weather. After going home, wash your face and take a bath with warm water to keep your skin clean and hygienic. Zhu Xiangdong reminds everyone that people with allergic skin should try to avoid going out in dusty weather. Before going out, remember to apply some moisturizer, and then wear masks, glasses, hats, and gauze scarves, and go out after “fully armed”. 1f you have allergic symptoms on your skin and nose after you go home, you can take antiallergic drugs such as loratadine

take it easy, middle-aged and elderly people are prone to cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases

dialogue with Li Xi, chief physician of Cardiology Department of cardio cerebrovascular disease hospital of General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University

because the concentration of particulate matter in the air will suddenly increase in dusty weather, Adverse effects on health, and even lead to heart disease, hypertension, coronary heart disease, angina pectoris, cerebral infarction and other cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Li Xi told reporters that the dust weather is often accompanied by cooling, coupled with the spring weather is hot and cold, resulting in strong vasoconstriction, blood pressure fluctuations, sometimes difficult for the elderly to adapt, easy to induce cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases

the countermeasures remind the middle-aged and old people to avoid going out in windy and sandy weather, keep a light diet, avoid big mood fluctuations, and check whether their blood pressure is normal in time. 1f they feel unwell, they should not be careless and go to the hospital in time< Do you know that the period of frequent sandstorms is around May Day? some meteorologists say that the period of frequent sandstorms is from late April to mid May every year. Although the dust weather in northern China has decreased significantly in recent years, prevention and health care can be well prepared research shows that the climate conditions of drought, less rain and large temperature change in northern China from late April to late May every year can easily induce sandstorm and strong sandstorm. 1t is easy to form a deep thermal convective boundary layer with a height of 3000 to 4000 meters. At this time, once there is strong cold air passing through, it is very easy to have the dynamic and thermal conditions to induce extra strong sandstorm historical data show that severe sandstorms in northern China are concentrated from late April to mid May. 1n recent years, the frequency of sandstorm weather in northern China has decreased significantly, but this period is undoubtedly the most vulnerable to the occurrence of extra strong sandstorm, which is also the high incidence period of sandstorm this article is a reprint of 1nternet media, which only represents the author’s point of view and has nothing to do with this website. 1f the information column articles and comments violate your legal rights, please call to let us know and we will deal with them in time

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