Eighty percent of Beijing auto repair workers are from other places with high risk of occupational diseases

There are 115 kinds of statutory occupational diseases in 10 categories in China. According to the incidence of occupational diseases in China, the number of occupational diseases diagnosed each year is more than 10000. Among them, pneumoconiosis, noise induced deafness and occupational poisoning are the three most common occupational diseases

this year, the urban two-level safety supervision department launched a special control action on occupational hazards in the motor vehicle maintenance industry, and carried out a special control action on 1705 automobile repair shops in the city. According to the Municipal Administration of work safety, there are occupational hazards in the motor vehicle maintenance industry due to the existence of baking, painting, painting, welding, cleaning and polishing processes. 1n the course of this special control action, law enforcement officers found 2395 occupational health problems, issued 1273 law enforcement documents and imposed 47 economic penalties< According to the Municipal Bureau of work safety, there are still some problems that can not be ignored in the occupational health work of the motor vehicle maintenance industry: the main responsible persons of some units are not aware of the prevention and control of occupational hazards, and they are not aware of the seriousness of occupational hazards; The workers' consciousness of self-protection is poor. About 80% of the workers are migrant workers in Beijing. Due to the hard working environment and large mobility of workers, the publicity and education of occupational disease prevention in enterprises are not in place, and many workers lack awareness of occupational hazards and self-protection awareness during the inspection, it was also found that the management system of occupational hazards in the repair shop was not perfect, the occupational hazards in the operation site were not detected according to the detection cycle, the personnel exposed to occupational hazards were not given physical examination according to the physical examination cycle, the main person in charge and occupational health management personnel did not participate in the special training of occupational health, and the notification of occupational hazards contract was lack of pertinence, The ventilation facilities in the paint mixing room can not operate effectively in view of the problems found in the inspection, the safety supervision department helps the employer to make a serious analysis, put forward rectification measures, and review repeatedly to ensure that the rectification is in place. Through the special treatment, the city’s motor vehicle maintenance employing units invested 4.551 million yuan. According to the production process and the characteristics of occupational hazards, a large number of occupational hazard protection facilities such as ventilation, detoxification, dust removal and shielding were added, and independent paint mixing rooms were set up. Dust masks and earplugs were provided for polishing, cutting and polishing workers, and dust-proof masks and earplugs were provided for paint mixing and polishing Spray painting workers were equipped with gas masks and protective clothing, and the working environment of workers was significantly improved< According to the Municipal Bureau of work safety, different from other diseases, occupational diseases can be completely prevented. According to the law of the people's Republic of China on the prevention and control of occupational diseases, the enterprise is the main body of the prevention and control of occupational diseases, and the factory director and manager are the first responsible person. Employers must provide qualified workplaces for workers to ensure that the concentration or intensity of toxic and harmful substances in workplaces is lower than national standards. The enterprise should carry out regular inspection on workplaces with occupational hazards every year, and carry out physical examination on workers exposed to occupational hazards every year. 1f the health rights and interests of workers are damaged, you can call the safety supervision department to report and complain at 12350< 1t is reported that the city will prepare a model of occupational health monitoring files, clarify the contents and requirements of occupational health monitoring files, and guide employers to establish occupational health monitoring files for every worker exposed to occupational hazards according to the work requirements of "one person, one file". 1t is required that the filing rate of employers with occupational hazards in the city will reach more than 90% in 2014 our website solemnly declares that this article is reprinted by network media, only representing the author’s point of view, and has nothing to do with our website. 1f the information column articles and comments violate your legal rights, please call to let us know and we will deal with them in time

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