Fire department strengthens fire prevention and control in small workshops

According to the Fire Department of the Ministry of public security, a few days ago, the Fire Department of the Ministry of Public Security issued the “technical guidance on fire prevention and control of small processing workshops”, which puts forward clear requirements for the fire safety work of small processing workshops from the aspects of building fire rating, fire fighting facilities, fire hazard control, fire safety management, etc< On January 14, a fire broke out in Dadong shoe factory in Wenling, Zhejiang Province, killing 16 people. On March 26, a fire broke out in a family workshop in Jieyang, Guangdong Province, killing 11 people. Small processing workshop is mainly engaged in clothing, shoes and socks, toys, electronic devices and other processing and production activities. 1t integrates processing and storage. There are many combustibles, poor evacuation conditions, relatively weak fire safety awareness of personnel, chaotic fire safety management and high fire risk in terms of building fire rating, the guidelines require that the fire rating of small processing workshop buildings should not be lower than grade 111, and should not be set in underground or semi underground buildings (rooms). When the workshop is a three-level fire-resistant building, the number of floors should not excee2, and the total building area should not exceed 1000 m2. When the building component is metal sandwich plate, the burning performance grade of the core material should be a grade. When the building area of any floor is more than 150 m2, or the number of production personnel at the same time is more than 10, there should be no less than 2 emergency exits on the first floor and no less than 2 evacuation stairs. When the number of existing evacuation stairs is insufficient, outdoor stairs should be added. The distance between any indoor point and the nearest emergency exit shall not be more than 40m. The evacuation doors inside the building and leading to the roof shall be opened in the direction of evacuation in terms of fire-fighting facilities, the guidelines require that small processing workshops with a building area of more than 250 m2 or a total building area of more than 500 M2 on any floor should be equipped with independent smoke detectors and simple automatic sprinkler systems or fire hose reels. The building shall be equipped with fire extinguisher, fire alarm device and evacuation lighting in terms of fire hazard control, it is strictly prohibited to store inflammable and explosive dangerous goods in the processing and production area of small processing workshop, and metal pipe or flame retardant plastic sleeve should be worn when the electrical circuit is laid in the open. Do not pull and connect wires without permission. 1t is strictly forbidden to use electrical equipment with overload. The high temperature parts on the surface of lighting lamps and electric heating equipment shall be kept at a safe distance from the combustible materials. Warehouses or combustible materials shall not be built around the external walls of buildings or within the fireproof distance. Goods shall not be piled up near the evacuation passageway and emergency exit in the building in terms of fire safety management, the owner or person in charge of production of small processing workshop should carry out fire prevention inspection every day, and organize timely evacuation of indoor personnel in case of fire. Employees should know the location of evacuation passage, emergency exit and fire fighting equipment; Be able to report fire, escape and use fire-fighting equipment. When using alcohol, paint and other dangerous goods in production, the manager should be implemented and the operation procedures should be strictly enforced. Emergency exits on the first floor and exits leading to enclosed staircases, outdoor stairs and roof platforms shall not be locked copyright notice: This article is reproduced from the network media, only represents the author’s point of view, and has nothing to do with this website. 1f the information column articles and comments violate your legal rights, please call to let us know and we will deal with them in time

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