gas masks prevent poisoning in spray painting industry

There are many chemical poisons in the workplace of wood products manufacturing enterprises, especially in the process of gluing, painting and air drying. 1n recent years, occupational disease incidents of painters occur frequently. According to the figures released by the national environmental monitoring center, the number of poisoning deaths caused by contact with paint is up to 110000 every year, among which painters account for the largest proportion

at present, most of the painters in the wood door industry are “self-taught”, lack of awareness of occupational safety and health, and do not know how to protect themselves, which leaves hidden dangers for their health. Why is wooden door industry “poisonous”

paint contains a lot of volatile chemicals, including various solvents, resins and adhesives. According to the detection of relevant departments, there are at least 15 kinds of chemical poisons in each wood product enterprise, and the maximum is 31 kinds. The phenomenon of over standard chemical poisons in wood products industry is common. The problem of benzene, formaldehyde, aniline and toluene diisocyanate exceeding the standard is particularly serious

in the wood products industry, 89.0% of the total number of wood products enterprises exceeded the benzene standard, with the highest exceeding 121.5 times; 76.9% of the total number of wood products enterprises exceeded the standard of formaldehyde, and the highest exceeded standard was 116.0 times; 70.0% of the total wood products enterprises exceeded the standard, with the highest exceeding 130.1 times; The enterprises of toluene diisocyanate exceeding the standard accounted for 77.3% of the total number of wood products enterprises, with the maximum exceeding 3.1 times

these highly toxic substances do great harm to human body. They damage the nervous system, sucking system and hematopoietic system of human body through sucking duct and skin, and even cause poisoning or death

long term exposure of painters to low concentration benzene may cause chronic poisoning, damage human nervous system and hematopoietic system, and even affect the growth and development of the next generation. A large number of medical examinations have confirmed that painters are more likely to suffer from lung cancer and bladder cancer

generally speaking, if the enterprise carries out painting according to the industry standard, it can reduce the incidence of occupational diseases of painters. However, if enterprises ignore the health of painters and do not take reasonable and effective preventive measures, occupational diseases will become the norm of painters. 1n particular, the painters employed by some non-standard enterprises are often workers who have just come out of the countryside. They do not receive any formal training and lack of safety awareness, which is more likely to lead to poisoning incidents

in the treatment of high toxic substances, wood products manufacturing enterprises should pay attention to the three links of painting, gluing and air painting. 1n particular, the management of spray painting is more critical. 1n the process of governance, what aspects of work should the enterprise increase< (1) improve the working environment. Relevant laws and regulations stipulate that in workplaces with occupational hazards, mechanical ventilation facilities must be installed to reduce the concentration of benzene compounds in the air, so as to control the hazards of toxic substances below the national health standards. Therefore, the wood products enterprises with painting operation must set up independent painting room, which can not be mixed with other processes; The spray booth must adopt the ventilation mode of upper air inlet and lower air outlet, positive and negative pressure to ensure fresh and unobstructed air; The spray booth must use water curtain (water curtain) to reduce poison and discharge poison by running water, so as to ensure the timely discharge of poison in the spray booth; Flushing facilities shall be set in the spray booth, and the paint dirt on the wall and floor must be cleaned regularly (2) provide protective equipment for employees. The enterprise must equip the staff engaged in painting, gluing, air painting and other operations with protective clothing, gloves and gas masks that meet the requirements, and urge them to wear and use them correctly. Workers should wear gas masks when operating. 1n special circumstances, workers should use air supply masks. Enterprises should reform the production mode and technological process, improve the level of mechanization, and try their best to keep the operators away from and less exposed to harmful gases< (3) regular physical examination. The enterprise shall conduct occupational health examination at least once a year for the workers exposed to high toxic substances, and organize the personnel engaged in painting work to conduct occupational health examination before, during and after work according to law. At the same time, we should do a good job in labor employment, industrial injury insurance and environmental protection according to the requirements of laws and regulations< (4) the safety awareness of painters should be improved. Occupational disease prevention and control experts pointed out that the painting personnel should learn the knowledge of occupational hazard protection and the legal knowledge of safeguarding their own rights and interests the most effective way to prevent paint poisoning< (1) keep good ventilation conditions to reduce the concentration of toxic substances in the air. 1f the ventilation condition of painting site is not good, after painting for a period of time, painters should rest at the ventilation place for a certain period of time. 1n addition, painters should try to avoid contact with skin, solvents, coatings and other toxic and harmful substances. Therefore, painters should consciously take necessary labor protection measures when painting, such as wearing work clothes, gas gloves, gas masks, masks and protective glasses, so as to avoid direct contact of paint with skin and prevent harmful gases from directly entering the suction system (2) after finishing the painting, the painters should clean up the tools and residual materials in time, close the paint barrel and solvent barrel, wipe the paint return wire, and dispose of the industrial wastes such as waste cloth head in time (3) painters should avoid washing hands with toxic solvents (such as solvent with high benzene content), do not eat at the construction site, wash hands and face with soap before meals or after work, and change work clothes< At the same time, enterprise management agencies, industry associations and occupational safety and health regulatory agencies should strengthen the occupational safety and health management of the industry and safeguard the health rights and interests of painters

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