PPE

He invented the first mask in China

Haze once again came. Br / >
from the 4th of this month, the Huanghuai area in North China has been covered in a dark yellow. And in the haze days travel, masks become an indispensable “weapon”

when it comes to masks, you won’t find them rare. But you may not know that in the early 20th century, an overseas Chinese invented and promoted China’s first mask. 1t was he who took orders in the face of danger, turned the tide, curbed the spread of plague for the third time in human history, and saved countless creatures on the land of China

after this “battle”, he became a highly respected “hero” in the world. At that time, he was just in his early 30s

he has run more than 20 hospitals and medical colleges in China. The establishment of the famous Union Medical College Hospital is closely related to him. 1n 1935, he was nominated as a candidate for the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine, and was the first Chinese to win the prize< 1n 1937, his family went south and returned to Penang, Malaysia. From then on, the hero of this powerful generation was unknown and helped the wounded and the dying. And fewer and fewer people know him his name is Wu Liande. Maybe you’ve never heard of the name, but history shouldn’t forget him he won the scholarship and became a doctor of Cambridge at the age of 24 Wu Liande was born in Taishan, Guangdong Province on March 10, 1879 in an overseas Chinese family in British Penang. His father, Wu Qixue, is a famous gold ornamenter in Penang, while his mother is the second generation of overseas Chinese in Malaya in 1886, 7-year-old Wu Liande entered the British private school. From the beginning of enlightenment, he showed his hard work. He often lights a coconut oil lamp after his family goes to sleep and studies hard under the light. His academic performance is also much higher than that of his peers at the age of 17, he won the Queen’s scholarship to study medicine at Emmanuel College, Cambridge University. During his schooling, he won almost all the school awards. 1n 1902, he received a medical degree and successively studied in the school of tropical diseases, Liverpool, England, the school of health, Haller University, Germany, and the Pasteur 1nstitute, France< 1n 1903, at the age of 24, he was awarded a doctor's degree by Cambridge University< At the end of 1904, he returned to Penang to open a private clinic and devote himself to social reform. But he felt that "1'm not satisfied because 1 always want to do a little bigger medical career. At the same time, 1 also want to have an opportunity to serve my motherland."< 1n 1907, Wu Liande was hired by Yuan Shikai, governor of Zhili in Qing Dynasty, to be the Deputy Supervisor of Tianjin army medical school. Three years later, he got what he wanted< At the end of 1910, it was the last winter of the Qing Dynasty. A fierce plague suddenly broke out in Northeast China on October 25, the first case of sudden death in the inn occurred in Manzhouli. On November 7, the plague spread in Harbin fever, headache, chest tightness, dry cough of the plague infected people died of suffocation soon after death, and their skin turned blue purple after death. The shadow of death hung high on the top, and people were in danger for a moment< On December 24, young Wu Liande arrived in Harbin. With Wu Liande came only a teacher and a student from the army medical school. Soon, he exercised his authority as "chief medical officer of epidemic prevention in the three eastern provinces" on the third day of his arrival, in order to find out the source of the epidemic, Wu Liande decided to take the risk of autopsy, which is regarded as treason in China in a local slum, Wu Liande performed the first human anatomy of a Chinese doctor. After analysis, it is confirmed that the epidemic of plague in Harbin is pulmonary plague, which is transmitted by human sucking droplets. This is the first time in the history of science to put forward the classification of plague at that time, it was the end of the new year. 1n order to prevent the epidemic from spreading along the railway with the flow of people returning home for the new year, Wu Liande put forward the preliminary epidemic prevention measures: control the railway and road traffic to prevent the spread of the epidemic; 1solate the epidemic area; Recruit doctors from the customs. He also organized a large transport team to train and mobilize service personnel from various industries, including postmen, to participate in epidemic prevention activities he wrote in his memoir, “1 acted as the commander in chief of a huge organization, giving orders to doctors, police, the army and even local officials.” in order to prevent droplet infection, Wu Liande specially designed a double-layer gauze mask to isolate patients, which was later called “Wu’s mask” this kind of mask is easy to make. 1t costs only two and a half cents each. People wear masks one after another, and the mortality rate is greatly reduced< At the "world plague Research Conference" held in April 1911, this convenient and practical mask was praised by experts from all over the world: "the mask invented by Wu Liande is simple in style and cheap in manufacture, but it is also very effective." when the epidemic prevention entered the final stage, Wu Liande convinced everyone to cremate the infected corpses, considering that the rotten corpses were likely to become a new source of infection. Due to the “violation” of traditional human relations, the case was reported to the Qing government and approved before it was handled – this is the first cremation in Chinese history in less than 4 months, a plague disaster that never happened in hundreds of years was finally subdued. This is the first large-scale successful control of infectious diseases in human history, and Wu Liande has contributed a lot in a letter to Wu Liande, Morrison, a reporter of the times in Beijing, said: “because of your contribution in controlling the recent plague epidemic, your name is well known in Europe, especially in the UK.” for his research and contribution in the field of pulmonary plague, Wu Liande was nominated as a candidate for the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine in 1935 and became the first Chinese to win this honor in 1913, American medical historian garrison published the book medical history. This is a monograph on the history of world medicine, with nearly 700 pages. However, there are few contents about Chinese medicine, less than one page, and some fallacies Wu Liande was very dissatisfied after reading it, so he wrote a letter to jialisen asking questions. However, jialisen wrote back that Chinese medicine may have some advantages. Although there is no Western literature, half a page of information is still an outsider’s work, and there is no way to refer to it. Therefore, it is difficult to make a statement. 1t is not the rest of the blame for its brevity and error Wu Liande was very shocked. He and Wang Jimin spent 16 years writing the book “history of Chinese medicine” in English, introducing the history and achievements of traditional Chinese medicine to the world, and safeguarding the status and dignity of traditional Chinese medicine the book was published in 1932 and reprinted many times. 1t became an early English work introducing traditional Chinese medicine and was valued by foreign medical experts Wu Liande focuses on medical education and development in China. 1n 1914, Wu Liande proposed to build a modern medical college and hospital in Beijing, which was later called Peking Union Medical College and hospital under the leadership of Wu Liande, Beijing Central Hospital has become the first modern hospital established by Chinese people, that is, today’s Peking University People’s hospital< 1n 1924, Wu Liande built the Northeast Army Hospital in Shenyang, which was the largest and best equipped hospital in China at that time. 1n 1926, he founded Harbin Medical College, which is the predecessor of Harbin Medical University he presided over more than 20 hospitals and medical colleges in China, and trained many medical talents for China< 1n 1937, Wu Liande's house in Shanghai was bombed by the Japanese army. Because of the family changes and the turbulence of the situation, he finally decided to take his family back to Penang, Malaya. 1n 1938, Wu Liande began to practice medicine in 1poh and helped the world since then, the past has been gradually covered with dust. People around them don’t know much about the deeds of that year< On January 21, 1960, Wu Liande died in Penang at the age of 81. According to the times on January 27, "Wu Liande's death has made the medical profession lose a legendary figure. We can't repay him for what he has done for us all his life. We will always be grateful to him." in the preface of the English version of the book “anti epidemic fighter: An Autobiography of a modern Chinese doctor” published in 1959, Wu Liande wrote: “1 devoted most of my life to ancient China from the end of the Qing Dynasty to the establishment of the Republic of China until the collapse of the rule of the Kuomintang. The past is still fresh in my mind. The founding of the new Chinese government will make this great country happy and prosperous forever…. source: China Youth Daily, China news, people’s Daily Overseas Edition, Harbin news, China Overseas Chinese, etc( Editor: ran Wenjuan) portant; word-wrap: break-word ! important; text-align: center;”& gt;