When it comes to occupational health management system, many people may not understand it. 1ndeed, at present in China, most enterprises do not pay enough attention to occupational health management, and the health problems of employees are often ignored. 1n fact, many enterprises have more or less occupational hazards, and some occupational hazards have a long incubation period, so the damage to the health of employees is not obvious, which makes many enterprises exploit the loopholes. However, occupational health management in enterprises is a long way to go, so we should pay more attention to it and avoid “one stroke”.
the importance of employees’ participation in enterprise occupational health management
in all 1LO occupational health standards, the participation of all employees is strongly advocated. 1n order to make enterprise occupational health Joint Committee and its similar organizations work more effectively, it is necessary to provide appropriate information and training. Enterprise employees and their representatives participate in the implementation process of occupational health management system. Participation in the occupational health management system is usually understood as the information exchange between employers and employees in an enterprise to some extent, and attention should also be paid to the external resources and external stakeholders in the implementation process
an important principle of the enterprise occupational health management system is to endow the enterprise grassroots managers with corresponding responsibilities, including the participation of all levels of the enterprise, employees and clear enterprise occupational health management responsibilities. The implementation of occupational health management system can be successful only if all stakeholders participate in the implementation process through dialogue and cooperation. 1n the enterprise occupational health management system, if it is only operated by occupational health management personnel without the participation of grass-roots employees, it will lose focus and eventually fail
all levels of occupational health and safety management training from enterprise occupational health management personnel to employees is the core element of implementing any occupational health management plan. The communication channel between different levels in the enterprise must be effective and two-way, which means that the information related to occupational health management and the concerns of grass-roots employees should be given due consideration and allowed to be transmitted to the top management
without effective social dialogue, the occupational health and safety management system can not operate normally. Employees and their representatives should have the opportunity to fully participate in the organization’s occupational health management through direct participation and negotiation
basic points of enterprise occupational health management
1. The occupational hazard factors of all enterprises (identified according to the national classification catalogue of occupational hazard factors) should be reported to the safety supervision department through the 1nternet, and printed out to the local safety supervision department for record after approval. Whether the hazard factors are reported here should be determined according to the actual severity and contact time, but it is better to require qualified professional testing institutions or consulting institutions to identify them, and make a report with legal effect, so as to avoid the risk of subjective judgment error of management personnel2. Daily inspection. Every year, our enterprises with occupational hazard factors should do the occupational hazard factor test regularly. We should find a qualified professional testing institution to do the work and issue the test report< 3. Physical examination of occupational hazards. For the employees working in the occupational hazard positions, the regular occupational health examination (which is different from the entry examination of the enterprise) must be carried out in the qualified hospital according to the regulations of the health department before taking up the post, after leaving the post and every year. The physical examination report of each employee must be issued 4. For all employees engaged in jobs with occupational hazards, they must be clearly informed of the occupational hazards (characteristics, degree, contact time, restrictions, measures, etc.) of the jobs they are engaged in. These contents are required to appear in the labor contract, staff training materials, and post operation procedures 5. Set up occupational hazard warning signs. The warning signs of occupational hazards must be set up at the production site, especially at the post site exposed to occupational hazards, according to the requirements of warning signs of occupational hazards in the workplace< 6. Occupational health training. Occupational health training is similar to safety production training, but it is mainly aimed at three types of personnel (main person in charge of enterprise, occupational health management personnel, occupational hazard practitioners). The first two types are forensics training, and the latter is induction training and daily training. The specific requirements are still being coordinated< How to implement occupational health management in small enterprises? The State Administration of work safety, as the government's comprehensive supervision department of work safety, implements this work in order to improve the management level of occupational safety and health in small enterprises and change the safety status quo. As a practical tool, the guidelines for the implementation of occupational safety and health management system in small enterprises can help enterprises to establish and maintain an occupational safety and health management system that not only meets the general requirements of 1LO guidelines and national guidelines, but also suits their own industry characteristics, so that they can adopt appropriate occupational safety and health management modes and methods, Continuous improvement of occupational safety and health performance, continuous elimination, reduction and control of occupational safety and health hazards and risks, and ultimately ensure the safety and health of employees in small enterprises, there are few full-time safety managers, the production process is easy to change, the working environment is complex and diverse, and the mobility of employees is large. 1t is necessary to establish an occupational safety and health management system suitable for their own characteristics in small enterprises in order to achieve the occupational health management objectives of enterprises, small enterprises should formulate specific management plans to achieve the objectives, so as to ensure that the objectives are achieved as planned. The content of the management plan should include the responsibility and authority to achieve the goal, the method to achieve the goal, the time schedule to achieve the goal and the required resources the enterprise occupational health management system is a dynamic development process. Small enterprises should deeply understand the requirements of the enterprise occupational health management system according to their own development, constantly adjust and improve the enterprise occupational health management system, and ensure the continuous suitability, sufficiency and effectiveness of the enterprise occupational health management system copyright notice: This article is reproduced by 1nternet media, only representing the author’s point of view, and has nothing to do with China labor insurance network. 1f the information column articles and comments violate your legal rights, please call to let us know and we will deal with them in time