How to prevent occupational diseases of migrant workers

The phenomenon of a large number of migrant workers suffering from occupational diseases can not be ignored. Statistics show that there are more than 16 million toxic and harmful enterprises in China, and the total number of migrant workers exposed to occupational hazards exceeds 200 million, which has become a high-risk group of occupational diseases, among which the most serious hazards are pneumoconiosis, acute and chronic chemical poisoning, etc. Taking migrant workers working in state-owned coal mines as an example, the prevalence rate of migrant workers receiving pneumoconiosis examination is close to 5%, while the prevalence rate of migrant workers in individual coal mines in villages and towns who rarely receive pneumoconiosis examination is higher. By the end of 2006, 676562 cases of occupational diseases had been reported, including 616442 cases of pneumoconiosis, 146195 deaths and 470247 cases of pneumoconiosis. According to the statistical regulations of occupational diseases in China, there are still many occupational disease patients who have not been included in the statistics

in the face of this grim situation, we must persist in innovating the system and mechanism, strengthen the comprehensive supervision, and protect the life and health of workers. Therefore, this paper puts forward some countermeasures and suggestions:

1. First, all localities should implement the chief executive responsibility system for occupational disease prevention and control, and incorporate occupational disease prevention and control into the annual assessment indicators of governments at all levels. Formulate systematic occupational disease prevention and control plan for migrant workers according to law, and gradually close those industries with high pollution, high energy consumption and serious harm to workers’ health; Enterprises with backward technology, poor production conditions, non implementation of protective measures and serious occupational hazards shall be completely closed down. The second is to establish a long-term mechanism of department cooperation supervision and accountability system. The relevant administrative departments involved in the examination and approval of construction projects shall, together with the relevant departments, formulate the examination and approval procedures of construction projects, ensure the implementation of the “three Simultaneities” of the evaluation of occupational hazards of construction projects, and seriously investigate and deal with the illegal acts such as project design, construction and completion acceptance of construction projects without the evaluation of occupational hazards, They should be punished according to law. The construction projects with serious occupational hazards without the approval of the health administration shall not be approved, approved and filed by the relevant departments, shall not be registered by the industrial and commercial departments, and shall not be granted loans by banks, so as to achieve the purpose of controlling from the source. Third, it is suggested that the state should improve the corresponding policies and regulations to strengthen the prevention and control of occupational diseases of migrant workers as soon as possible. We should strengthen supervision, carry out special rectification of occupational diseases in enterprises, constantly improve the working environment, and regularly diagnose and check occupational diseases of migrant workers, so as to find and treat them as soon as possible. The fourth is to establish the inter provincial cooperation and interaction mechanism of occupational disease prevention and control, exchange information and exchange regularly, and establish the linkage emergency mechanism. The fifth is to establish a four level basic occupational health service system composed of provinces, cities, counties and townships, increase investment in occupational health technical service institutions, especially the construction of primary occupational health technical service institutions, reasonably allocate resources, and establish and improve the occupational health technical service system of township enterprises.

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