[Abstract] personal protective equipment for firefighters is a special protective equipment that firefighters must wear, wear and use when carrying out fire fighting, emergency rescue and other operations. 1t is an indispensable part of the combat effectiveness of the fire brigade. This paper analyzes the basic situation of production, technology and market of personal protective equipment for firefighters in China. 1t also analyzes the development trend of personal protective equipment technology for firefighters at home and abroad, as well as the demand of personal protective equipment for firefighters in China under the new situation and new tasks. 1t puts forward the requirements and future development direction of technical innovation for personal protective equipment for firefighters in China
[Key words] firefighters; Personal protection; Protective equipment; Personal protective equipment; 1ndustry situation
1 basic situation of production and technology of personal protective equipment for firefighters in China
personal protective equipment for firefighters is the protective equipment or special equipment that firefighters must wear, wear and use when they carry out fire fighting, emergency rescue and other operations. 1t is an indispensable and important part of fire brigade equipment
at present, the personal protective equipment for firefighters in China has formed two series of basic protective equipment and special protective equipment, with more than 40 kinds of products. These equipments are equipped with fire forces according to the principles of priority, safety and reliability, system matching, practicality and effectiveness. 1n order to effectively resist all kinds of disasters or accidents, there are disaster substances and external forces on the scene of the injury to firefighters, and protect the personal safety of firefighters. 1t plays an extremely important role in enhancing the combat effectiveness of firefighters, giving full play to various functions of fire-fighting technology and equipment, and dealing with various disasters and accidents in a timely and effective manner.
1.1 basic pattern of personal protective equipment industry for firefighters in China At present, the international well-known enterprises investing and producing in China include mesian (China) safety equipment Co., Ltd., German dererger company, Shanghai Eger safety equipment Co., Ltd. and other multinational companies At present, it is generally better than the products produced by domestic enterprises.
the earliest personal protective equipment for firefighters in China was born in the 1950s. After years of development, there are 27 manufacturers of personal protective equipment for firefighters in China, forming a production pattern with several large enterprises as the leader and several small and medium-sized enterprises coexisting. There are three types of firefighter personal protective equipment manufacturing enterprises: first, large military enterprises with relatively strong technical strength, such as Jiangxi Changjiang Chemical Co., Ltd., Guilin rubber products factory, etc; Second, the joint-stock enterprises formed by the restructuring or joint venture of the former state-owned enterprises, such as Beijing intelay Technology Co., Ltd., Qingdao Xinglun 1ndustrial Co., Ltd., Shanghai Garment Group Co., Ltd; Third, private enterprises. These enterprises were established late and generally small in scale. For example, Qingdao Meikang special protective products Co., Ltd., Taizhou Huatong fire equipment factory, Jiujiang Fire Equipment Co., Ltd., Shanghai zanrui 1ndustrial Co., Ltd., Shanghai Baoya safety equipment Co., Ltd., etc. Around these equipment manufacturing enterprises, there are also some enterprises that mainly supply raw materials for personal protective equipment for firefighters, such as Yantai Taihe new materials Co., Ltd., Shaoxing Hengrui non-woven technology Co., Ltd., Shanghai ibena textile materials Co., Ltd., etc. 1n the production enterprises of personal protective equipment for firefighters, some large enterprises have strong technical strength. Some enterprises have reached the international advanced level in technical strength. The products are exported in batches. However, many enterprises are small in scale and adopt small batch production mode. Although there are many kinds of products sold, they lack their own core technology and the product upgrading is relatively slow. Even some enterprises only focus on the immediate interests. They imitate the products of other enterprises or produce fake and inferior products, which will bring adverse effects on their own development and market order< The industrial scale of personal protective equipment for firefighters in China is also expanding with the increase of the types and amount of tasks undertaken by the public security fire forces and the improvement of equipment technology level. The government at all levels of our country has invested more and more money in the public security fire forces year by year, which has greatly improved the equipment of the public security fire forces, especially the personal protective equipment of firefighters. According to the statistical results of the investment in personal protective equipment of firefighters from 2006 to 2010, the total investment in personal protective equipment of firefighters in China has exceeded 3.5 billion yuan in the past five years, with an average annual growth rate of 15% and 20%. 1n 2010, the investment in personal protective equipment of firefighters in China was nearly 900 million yuan
the improvement of product demand and technical level promotes the development of personal protective equipment industry for firefighters. At present, the personal protective equipment for firefighters in China’s fire forces accounts for a large proportion. 1n order to meet the needs of dealing with complex tasks, a small number of areas are equipped with imported equipment for the fire forces, mainly the special service fire brigade. 1n addition to 1 item of basic protective equipment, some special protective equipment, such as high temperature resistant gloves, chemical resistant gloves, fire-resistant gloves, fire-resistant gloves, fire-resistant gloves, fire-resistant gloves, fire-resistant gloves, etc Therefore, about 70% of the total investment is made up for the annual consumption of protective equipment. The rest is used for the allocation of personal protective equipment for firefighters in new fire stations. 1n addition, with the development of fire scientific research and the emergence of new equipment, a considerable number of new equipment will be added to the public security fire forces in China every year, such as the receiving device of fireman rescue device, fireman cooling vest, etc
2 market analysis of personal protective equipment for firefighters