PPE

Leather export encounters high threshold of export to Europe

1ndustry insiders suggested that enterprises should grasp the source and conduct hexavalent chromium test on chrome powder used in leather making; Control the production process, adjust the tanning process, such as the use of plant retanning agents, the use of reducing neutralizing agents and retanning agents, the use of antioxidants as fatliquoring additives in leather fatliquoring, to ensure that the production process does not produce excessive hexavalent chromium< The reporter learned that on March 26 this year, the European Commission revised annex 17 of reach regulation to limit the content of hexavalent chromium (V1) in imported leather products to 3ppm, that is, 3 parts per million. The new rules will come into effect on May 1, 2015. Previously, only Germany of the EU countries banned the content of hexavalent chromium in clothing, watch bands, bags, chairs, sofas, neck bags and leather toys from exceeding 3ppm, while other EU member states now require the content of hexavalent chromium to be controlled at 1000ppm, with a gap of more than 333 times. EU is an important export market of China's leather products. The ban on hexavalent chromium issued by EU will have an impact on China's leather products exported to Europe. The enterprises involved need to attach great importance to it and take the initiative to deal with it in an interview with our reporter, he Lu of hicco Detection Technology Co., Ltd. said that it is not ruled out that the EU will introduce a lower limit than 3ppm in the future. More importantly, in the 2014 edition of Oeko tex100, the requirement of hexavalent chromium for ecological textiles is & lt; 5 ppm, and the limit of chromium in leather products is 10 ppm the difference between the new and old indicators is about 333 times the reporter learned in the interview that chromium ion has considerable toxicity, and the toxicity of hexavalent chromium ion is 100 times higher than that of trivalent chromium ion. More than 10mg / kg hexavalent chromium has lethal effect on aquatic organisms, and the drinking water polluted by hexavalent chromium may cause cancer. As many leather products are in direct contact with the human body, free chromium ions are easy to enter the body with sweat, and can also be absorbed through the respiratory tract, causing skin damage, allergy, various diseases and even cancer. Some clinical data in Europe showed that the incidence rate of chromium allergic dermatitis wa2.3% in Denmark in 2005 and incidence rate of 6.1% in Germany in 2007. Relevant experts predict that the data may increase at present, especially in southern Europe what is the reason for the EU limiting its content to 3ppm this time in response, he Lu said in an interview with our reporter that Rac is not unwilling to set a lower limit, but the current detection method for hexavalent chromium in leather. The internationally recognized and effective standard is only eniso17075, which can achieve a detection limit of 3ppm. 1t is a last resort to set the limit. Therefore, with the progress of technology, it is not ruled out that the EU will revise the limit to ensure the health and safety of consumers< 1n an interview with our reporter, he Lu said that Rac experts made an economic analysis on the basis of relevant German data and believed that the restriction is expected to make the price of imported leather products rise by about 0.4%. As most leather making enterprises in the EU have relatively mature leather making processes, the impact of this restriction on the territory of the EU is significantly less than that on imported products according to the RApex data statistics of Xike Testing Technology Co., Ltd. in the first quarter of 2014, China’s leather products exported to the European Union received 13 notifications due to the excessive content of hexavalent chromium, including baby shoes, women’s shoes and leather gloves. Once the new regulations are implemented, the control of hexavalent chromium will be more stringent. Therefore, relevant domestic enterprises exporting to Europe should take corresponding measures. He Lu said that in order to completely avoid hexavalent chromium, manufacturers have to do almost a re planning of their entire production and storage process, and the increase in production costs is inevitable. According to professionals, production costs will increase by 15% – 20%” For the time being, no matter whether small enterprises have enough funds to improve the production process, with the increase of cost alone, small enterprises will lose the advantage of low price competition. At present, large enterprises with mature technology and stable customers will gradually take the lead in the EU leather market. ” He Lu said< According to the reporter's understanding, only individual countries have restrictions on hexavalent chromium for leather products exported to EU before, but at present, as long as leather products are exported to EU member countries, they must meet the hexavalent chromium restriction directive coping with the production of hexavalent chromium is a condition for most tanneries to survive” The requirement that the content of hexavalent chromium should be less than 3mg / kg is a difficult hurdle for domestic leather manufacturing enterprises, and the negative impact can not be ignored. ” He Lu said in view of the current situation, he Lu suggested that enterprises should grasp the source and conduct hexavalent chromium test on chrome powder used in leather making; Control the production process, adjust the tanning process, such as the use of plant retanning agents, the use of reducing neutralizing agents and retanning agents, the use of antioxidants as fatliquoring additives in leather fatliquoring, to ensure that the production process does not produce excessive hexavalent chromium. 1t is worth noting that the final check of products is the most intuitive and important. Enterprises should carry out effective testing of products to further confirm the compliance of products, so as to prevent mistakes and unnecessary losses copyright notice: This article is reproduced from the network media, only represents the author’s point of view, and has nothing to do with this website. 1f the information column articles and comments violate your legal rights, please call to let us know and we will deal with them in time

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