PPE

One year after the promulgation of the special equipment safety law, the accident rate dropped significantly

According to the special equipment safety law, the use of special equipment that has not been inspected will be directly punished, and the maximum punishment of the unit responsible for a major accident will reach 2 million yuan. According to the Circular of AQS1Q, in 2013, there were 227 special equipment accidents, 289 deaths and 274 injuries. However, it is worth noting that there was no major accident of special equipment throughout the year. Does this mean that the upper limit of 2 million yuan has never been applied in the past year

June 29 this year marks the first anniversary of the promulgation of the special equipment safety law of the people’s Republic of China. The reporter learned from the relevant commemorative Symposium recently organized by the AQS1Q that since the implementation of the law on January 1, 2014, there have been 73 special equipment accidents or related accidents in China from January to May this year, with 69 deaths and 59 injuries. Compared with the same period of last year, the security situation has decreased significantly and reached the best level in recent years

the accident rate is similar to that of developed countries

the so-called special equipment refers to eight categories of equipment which are related to life safety and high risk, such as boilers, pressure vessels (including gas cylinders), pressure pipelines, elevators, lifting machinery, passenger ropeways, large amusement facilities and special motor vehicles in the field (factory)

according to song Jihong, director of the special equipment Bureau of AQS1Q, in the past year, quality inspection departments at all levels have organized and carried out research on the transformation of special equipment functions in combination with the implementation of the special equipment safety law, focusing on the reform and innovation of special equipment administrative licensing, inspection work, defect recall, elevator supervision, so as to further improve the safety level of special equipment< According to the statistics, in 2013, 227 special equipment accidents occurred in China, 289 people died, and the death rate of 10000 sets of equipment was 0.46, which was 11% lower than that of the previous year. The control target of no more than 0.51 death rate of 10000 sets of equipment issued by the safety committee of the State Council was well achieved taking pressure vessels as an example, Chen Xuedong, President of General Machinery Research 1nstitute, said in an interview with Legal Daily that in the early 1980s, the accident rate of every 10000 pressure vessels in China was abou4, but now it has dropped to about 0.4, almost 10 times. 1t is worth noting that the annual accident rate of 10000 sets of equipment in developed countries is about 0.4, which is equivalent to that in China “in addition, in the 1980s, the total number of pressure vessels in China was about 400000, but now it has increased t2.5 million. Therefore, from this point of view, the achievements of AQS1Q in controlling the accident rate of special equipment through promoting legislation, strengthening law enforcement inspection and promoting scientific and technological progress in recent years are worthy of recognition. ” Chen Xuedong said elevator has become a breakthrough in regulatory reform and innovation elevator is a kind of special equipment closely related to ordinary people’s life. 1n recent years, the accidents of elevator failure causing casualties have been exposed frequently, which has attracted the attention of the society Take Beijing as an example. According to reports, on the one hand, residents have more complaints about elevator faults in old residential buildings, accounting for 92.7% of the total complaints about special equipment; On the other hand, the housing public maintenance fund in Beijing has reached 36 billion yuan, but as of July 2013, only 400 million yuan has been spent, accounting for only 1.2%, of which elevator maintenance accounts for only one third it is understood that the main reason for this situation is that according to the property law, the overhaul of community public construction should meet two-thirds: one is that the number of people reaches two-thirds of the total number of relevant owners, and the other is that the exclusive area accounts for two-thirds of the total construction area Li Lianghua, deputy inspector of Beijing Municipal Bureau of quality supervision, believes that it is these two “two thirds” regulations that lead to the result that on the one hand, 20% of the elevators in Beijing are in service at an old age, and on the other hand, more than 30 billion maintenance funds are sleeping” This is obviously a problem of mutual restriction of laws and regulations. We all know where the problem is, but we just can’t solve it. “ in order to effectively solve such problems, in 2013, AQS1Q took the elevator as a breakthrough point, formulated a plan to comprehensively deepen the reform and innovation of elevator safety supervision, and put forward six reform and innovation measures. Soon, these reform ideas will be directly reflected in the specific practice of various places, and achieved immediate results at the end of 2013, Beijing issued the notice on simplifying procedures to facilitate the use of housing special maintenance funds in emergency situations, which specifies the specific requirements and procedures for the use of housing special maintenance funds in case of six kinds of emergency situations such as “elevator failure endangering personal safety” according to the latest statistics, after the issuance and implementation of the notice, the total use of special maintenance funds for commercial residential buildings in Beijing is 170 million yuan, an increase of 113% year on year; Among them, 58.25 million yuan was used for elevator maintenance, with a year-on-year increase of 61%” The amount of funds used from January to May this year is almost the cumulative amount in the past ten years, with a large proportion and weight. ” Li Lianghua sighed< After the implementation of the special equipment safety law, the supervision of local quality supervision departments has also increased significantly. According to Zhu Ming, deputy director of the Shanghai Municipal Bureau of quality supervision, in the first half of this year, the number of penalties imposed on enterprises in Shanghai increased by 20% over the same period last year, one third of which were imposed on enterprises that failed to pass the inspection in accordance with the requirements of the special equipment safety law however, Zhu Ming also admitted that in the process of supervision and law enforcement, there is an urgent need for the introduction and improvement of relevant supporting laws and regulations. For example, according to the air pollution prevention and control action plan issued by Shanghai at the end of 2013, by 2015, more than 2500 coal-fired (heavy oil) and other high polluting fuel boilers and more than 300 kilns will be replaced or shut down by clean energy” However, the quality supervision department is a little weak in law enforcement and inspection, and the current law is not enough to support the elimination of high energy consumption boilers. “ in fact, many experts and industry insiders at the meeting said that since the implementation of the special equipment safety law, some urgent problems have been found, including the problems of the law itself and the lagging of supporting standards according to song Jihong, first of all, there are some difficulties in the process of law enforcement. For example, the classification of accident investigation and treatment in the special equipment safety law is inconsistent with and inconsistent with the work safety law, which brings difficulties to accident reporting and treatment. For another example, in terms of elevator supervision, there is no clear first responsibility of property and other elevator management units, and a clear responsibility chain cannot be constructed in case of accidents secondly, the formulation of relevant supporting regulations and standards is relatively backward. For example, the special equipment safety law has added some new contents, such as management supervision and recall system. Although these new systems have started to formulate relevant standards, they have not yet been issued, which affects the effective development of special equipment safety supervision “the regulations on safety supervision of special equipment stipulate the contents of energy-saving supervision of high energy consumption special equipment, but most of the relevant contents are not reflected in the special equipment safety law. Therefore, as an important basis for us to carry out energy-saving supervision, the regulations need to be retained and implemented continuously.” Song Jihong said the reporter learned that in order to continue to improve the supporting laws and regulations, AQS1Q has submitted the proposed catalogue of special equipment (Revised Version) to the State Council, which will be released and implemented as soon as possible after approval. At the same time, a number of regulations and normative documents, such as recall of defective products of special equipment, supervision of pressure pipelines and operation supervision, are also being formulated copyright notice: This article is reproduced by 1nternet media, only representing the author’s point of view, and has nothing to do with this website. 1f the information column articles and comments violate your legal rights, please call to let us know and we will deal with them in time

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