Do you really know what is in the first aid kit at home?
Generally, the first aid kit at home is divided into three parts, namely dressings, equipment and medicines.
Dressing: mainly refers to medical gauze, cotton swabs, bandages, band-aids, etc.
Equipment category: mainly refers to clinical thermometers, medical disposable gloves, tourniquets, medical tweezers, medical scissors, hemostatic forceps, etc.
There are two types of medicines, oral and external medicine.
Oral medicine: cold medicine, antidiarrheal medicine, anti-heat medicine, motion sickness medicine, pain medicine, digestion and stomach medicine, etc.
External medicine: iodine, Yunnan Baiyao, alcohol, eye drops, purple syrup, cooling oil, safflower oil, analgesic plaster, allergy treatment, etc.
List of essential medicines for the family first aid kit:
First aid manual: Most people will be at a loss when an accident occurs. A first aid manual is very important, and we can learn from it. Take emergency rescue measures during the incident.
Band-Aid: It is used for small wounds and wound dressing, all sizes of large, medium and small. Such as medical band-aids and waterproof band-aids must be prepared.
Clinical thermometer: Before using the mercury thermometer, shake off the mercury column and wipe off the sweat from the armpits for 10 minutes.
Using an electronic thermometer, place the probe at the location where the temperature needs to be measured until you hear the buzzer, and read the measured value.
Note: The service life of household electronic thermometers is about 5 years.
Triangular bandage: Also known as triangular bandage, it can be used for multiple purposes. It can support injured upper limbs, fix dressings or fractures.
Sterilizing gauze: used to cover wounds. It is not as likely as cotton to leave cotton threads on the wound, and when removed, it will not affect the wound. Bandages can also be used. Bandages are elastic and are used to wrap wounds without hindering blood circulation.
Note: 2 inches is suitable for hands and 3 inches is suitable for feet.
Mask: Mainly used to isolate the contamination of the wound surface by the gas in the mouth and nose.
Note: Wash your hands before and after wearing, and change it immediately after wearing it once.
Round-ended scissors: cut tape, bandages, or clothing.
Pliers: forceps to remove dirt from the wound.
Disposable gloves: prevent the human body from directly contacting the wound and avoid cross-infection.
Flashlight: It can be used to illuminate the rescue in a dark environment; it can also be used to respond to the pupils of people who fainted.
0.9% normal saline: used to clean wounds. Based on hygiene requirements, it is recommended to choose independent small packages or medium-sized bottles.
Note: After opening, the leftovers should be thrown away, do not put in the first aid kit. If not, use unopened distilled water or mineral water instead.
Disinfecting paper towels: used to clean the skin, sterilize, and just open the package and rub the skin directly.
Cling wrap: Take advantage of its characteristic of not sticking to the wound, and wrap the burned and scalded parts before sending to the hospital.
Ice pack: Place it on bruises, muscle strains or joint sprains to constrict capillaries and help reduce swelling. When nosebleeds, place it on the forehead of the injured person to help stop the bleeding.
Antibiotic ointment: such as chlortetracycline ointment and erythromycin ointment, used for knee and elbow abrasions to protect the exposed inner skin.
Note: Do not use antibiotics at will, please read the instructions clearly. Or as directed by your doctor.
Second, what medicines should there be elderly people in the family?
1. Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular drugs
Now the elderly will suffer from cardiovascular disease in all likelihood, except for those that need to be taken as prescribed by a doctor In addition to the medicine, you should also prepare more nitroglycerin at ordinary times. If you find chest tightness, heart discomfort, or angina pectoris, you should take it immediately.
2. Digestive drugs
Poor gastrointestinal function is also a common problem for the elderly. One is because it is easy to bloat after eating, and the other is because.
3. Sphygmomanometer, blood glucose meter
Blood pressure medicine: For the elderly with bad ears, it is best to choose electronic ones, which are more accurate. If you find that you have dizziness, chest tightness and other uncomfortable symptoms, take a timely measurement.
After getting up in the morning, it’s best to also measure your blood pressure to find abnormalities early.
Glucose meter is a must-have for diabetic patients, it can be measured anytime and anywhere when uncomfortable.
Summary: The medicines and auxiliary materials in the family first aid kit need to be checked and replaced regularly, and expired medicines should be eliminated in time. The equipment used needs to be disinfected after each use to avoid accumulation of bacteria.