PPE

Rising prices of raw materials and production electricity test shoes and clothing enterprises

with the recovery of global economy, the textile industry shows a trend of stabilization and recovery. But recently, the high prices of cotton, chemical fiber and other textile raw materials, as well as the national adjustment of electricity prices, have once again brought a test to Quanzhou textile enterprises

industry insiders said that the price bearing capacity of the downstream industry chain is limited, and the sudden soaring price of raw materials is likely to push some textile enterprises back to the bottom. At present, it is difficult to transmit the rising raw material prices to the downstream, and the risks of the whole textile industry chain are accumulating

the price of raw materials has been “generally rising”

the developed textile industry in Quanzhou has a relatively high demand for cotton yarn, while Fujian is not the cotton producing area in China. 1n the past, the cotton yarn required by weaving enterprises was basically purchased from other provinces. Mr. Cai, head of a textile factory, said: “most of the cotton yarn in Quanzhou market is imported from other places, and Xinjiang cotton is generally used.”

recently, the chemical fiber, cotton and other textile raw materials market has seen a wave of soaring prices. The chemical fiber represented by polyester has increased by about 1500 yuan per ton, and the cotton and other textile raw materials have increased by 2000 yuan or 3000 yuan per ton, which has caught the downstream enterprises by surprise

“the cheapest polyester is up 1500 yuan per ton.” Mr. Cai said that since September last year, the price of polyester has soared up, and the price of some high-grade polyester yarn has increased by thousands of yuan

it is understood that polyester is a kind of synthetic fiber, which is widely used in the manufacture of clothing fabrics. Driven by the rise in oil prices and the increase in supply gap, polyester prices rose sharply in the fourth quarter of last year. At present, they are basically between 11000 yuan / ton and 18000 yuan / ton

in addition, among all kinds of textile raw materials, cotton also increased by 20%. Mr. Cai said that since the beginning of September last year, cotton prices have risen from 13000 yuan / ton to the highest 15700 yuan / ton due to the reduction of cotton production and the recovery of textile enterprises’ operating rate

the cost of textile enterprises has increased greatly

not only the price of cotton, chemical fiber and other textile raw materials has increased, but also the price of electricity, coal and other production factors has remained high

it is understood that at present, the coal price has entered a rising channel. The transaction price of Shanxi Youhun coal, which has a calorific value of 5500 kcal in Qinhuangdao Port Trading Center, has risen. Dyes and auxiliaries have also fluctuated. The price of crude oil has risen, and the non civil electricity price has increased by an average o2.8 points per kilowatt hour< According to the analysis of industry insiders, in the second half of this year, the textile industry began to pick up, the impact of the financial crisis is not over, most orders are short, and Europe and the United States and other countries have also raised trade barriers, testing standards have been raised, testing fees have to be paid by themselves, the corresponding costs have also increased, and the price of orders can not go up. "The company has to pay 50000 yuan more per month for this electricity price adjustment," he said according to the industry insiders, according to the normal calculation, it takes 0.75 kwh to produce 1 meter cloth in Quanzhou. After the price increase, the cost of each meter of cloth is more than 2 points. According to the fact that a textile enterprise generally consumes 1300 kwh of electricity to produce a ton of yarn and the electricity price is increased b2.8 cents per kWh, the cost per ton of yarn is increased by 36.4 yuan. A textile enterprise with a production scale of 50000 spindles produces an average of 1000 tons of yarn per month. Based on this calculation, the cost per month will be increased by 36400 yuan it is difficult to transmit to the downstream if the cotton price rise is the first to bear the brunt on the textile enterprises, then the impact on the garment enterprises is relatively indirect, because the textile enterprises have digested part of the pressure for them “at present, 1 haven’t heard of any manufacturer raising the price because of the rising cotton price.” Mr. Li, marketing director of a clothing enterprise in Quanzhou, said that for smart manufacturers, when the price of raw materials doesn’t rise a lot, they usually don’t raise the price casually, because it is the brand positioning that dominates the pricing of clothing the relevant person in charge of Fujian Qipai group said that at present, the price of men’s clothing under the company will not be adjusted. The price of a winter clothing is between 500 yuan and 600 yuan. The brand positioning determines the price, and the proportion of raw materials in the pricing is relatively small, unless the cost fluctuates greatly “even if the price is adjusted, it is only fine-tuning, which is hard for consumers to feel.” Another person in charge of a clothing enterprise, Mr. Xu, said that, at least so far, the price rise of fabrics is not very big, so they do not need to move the price of finished clothing products the risk accumulation of the industrial chain is too fast, and the rising raw material price is difficult to transmit to the downstream. 1n this way, the risk of the whole textile industry chain is constantly accumulating. The reporter learned in the interview that the polarization of textile enterprises is intensifying due to the rising prices of raw materials, electricity prices, transportation and labor costs senior people in the industry said that although the prices of intermediate products such as yarn and cloth are also pushed up, the prices of terminal products such as clothing are still subject to the international market, and whether the cost transmission of the industrial chain can be completed smoothly is still full of considerable uncertainties in the future “it should be said that the textile industry is still in the process of slow recovery, and the phased increase in demand may continue, but this is not essentially a healthy recovery, at best it is just a tentative look from the bottom up. This sudden surge in raw material prices is likely to push some textile enterprises back to the bottom. ” He cautioned an analyst of Quanzhou Securities believes that it is difficult to raise the price of downstream textiles, and the price of products is far from keeping up with the rising pace of raw material prices. From the situation of last year, the foundation for the recovery of international economy is not solid, China’s textile and garment export situation is still grim, and the price bearing capacity of textile enterprises is limited industry view decompress by increasing the added value the direct consequence of the rising price of raw materials is to eat up the meager profits of downstream textile enterprises. However, small and medium-sized textile enterprises can only hope to release pressure by raising product prices “if you don’t raise the price, you will lose money.” According to a person in charge of a weaving enterprise in Quanzhou, raw materials will rise by 1500 yuan per ton, that is, 1.5 yuan per kilogram, and the wholesale price of each pants fabric will rise by at least 3 yuan “although the price of fabrics has been raised, the textile and garment industry is generally depressed in recent years due to export difficulties, so we dare not raise our prices too high.” The person in charge said many enterprises said that the current situation of the textile industry is still not optimistic, unless collective action, otherwise the price increase to pass on the cost is not the best choice for a single enterprise industry insiders believe that facing the price bottleneck of textiles and the visible and invisible difficulties, increasing innovation and developing high value-added products are the best “magic weapon” experts believe that enterprises need to develop products with low energy consumption and high added value to achieve the goal of energy saving and consumption reduction. 1n the future, products will be designed and manufactured for energy saving. “We can only adjust the product structure and make more high-grade products,” he said. 1n this way, the profit margin is relatively large, which can offset part of the pressure of rising costs. “

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