Life is the most precious, safety is the most important. 1n order to ensure the safety of people’s lives, the basic law in the field of production safety in China, the production safety law, will be revised for the first time. On February 25, the draft amendment to the work safety law was submitted to the seventh session of the Standing Committee of the 12th National People’s Congress for initial deliberation
this means that the revision of the work safety law, which has been in force for nearly 12 years and has attracted the attention of the society, has officially entered the law revision procedure of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress. This is also the first draft law deliberated by the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress in 2014
entrusted by the State Council, Yang Dongliang, director of the State Administration of work safety, made an explanation on the draft amendment to the work safety law at the meeting. Yang Dongliang pointed out that this amendment highlights the investigation and treatment of potential accidents and prevention in advance, and focuses on the revision and improvement of the work safety law from three aspects: strengthening the implementation of enterprise responsibility, government supervision, accountability and punishment. 1n addition, the draft also makes adjustments to relevant administrative examination and approval items.
in view of the fact that many provisions of the work safety law have not adapted to the reality, deputies to the National People’s Congress have repeatedly put forward motions or suggestions to amend the work safety law to solve the problems of lack of legal guarantee for work safety investment, low level of work safety technology, unfulfilled responsibilities, inadequate supervision and measures< The members of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress expressed their expectations for this amendment" The idea of amending the law should conform to the spirit of comprehensively deepening the reform of the management system of work safety put forward by the Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee, and at the same time, it should conform to the internal objective law of work safety. "
“production safety is consciously made by enterprises, not by the government.”
“we should strive to further improve the basic legal system of work safety through this amendment, make the system operational and normative, focus on the root cause of the problem at the source and prevent the occurrence of serious safety accidents by improving the rule of law, rather than just” focusing on the code to control chaos. ” Liu Binjie, Liang Shengli, Zhang Xingkai, Ren Maodong and other members stressed during the deliberation
it is necessary to amend the work safety law.
“the background of amending the work safety law this time is quite different from that when it was formulated more than ten years ago. Ten years ago, in order to pursue development, GDP was very important, so the law made many provisions on security, but it did not mention a very high level to understand it. Ten years later, we are now facing more and more challenges, the scale of production is getting larger and larger, and more and more safety problems appear. 1t is reasonable to say that the development has better support for safety production, but now safety problems are still constantly occurring. ” On February 27, when the seventh session of the Standing Committee of the 12th National People’s Congress deliberated the draft amendment to the work safety law in groups, Huang Boyun pointed out< As Huang Boyun said, as the basic law in the field of production safety, the current production safety law has been in force for nearly 12 years since it was formulated in 2002. During the past 12 years, great changes have taken place in the economic and social situation and environment, so it is necessary to amend the work safety law< 1n 2005, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress specially organized the inspection of the law enforcement of work safety. At that time, five vice chairmen led the inspection team to 10 provinces and autonomous regions. This inspection has played a vital role in further promoting the implementation of the work safety law, improving the relevant legal system, and promoting governance according to law. Moreover, the law enforcement inspection also put forward suggestions on the revision of the work safety law
the legislative plan of the 12th NPC Standing Committee included the revision of the work safety law in the first category of items, and made it clear that the finance and Economic Commission of the NPC was responsible for contacting and deliberating. The draft amendment to the work safety law submitted for deliberation this time was drafted by the Legislative Affairs Office of the State Council in conjunction with the State Administration of work safety and other departments. On January 15 this year, the draft amendment was discussed and adopted at the 36th executive meeting of the State Council. 1n December last year, the finance and Economic Commission of the National People’s Congress held a legislative liaison meeting to listen to the report of the State Administration of work safety on the revision of the work safety law. 1n mid January, the finance and Economic Commission of the National People’s Congress sent a research team to Shanxi and Shaanxi provinces to listen to the opinions of the local people’s Congress, the government and relevant departments, enterprises, employees, professional and technical service institutions, experts and scholars on the revision of the work safety law. On January 26, the finance and Economic Commission of the National People’s Congress held a plenary meeting to deliberate on the inclusion of the draft amendment to the work safety law in the agenda of the Standing Committee meeting< Over the past 12 years, the work safety law has played an important role in preventing and reducing accidents and ensuring the safety of people's lives and property. On January 17, 2013, Zhang Dejiang, then Vice Premier of the State Council and director of the work safety commission of the State Council, pointed out at the national teleconference on work safety that the national work safety situation presents the characteristics of "three significant decreases and one significant improvement": the total number of accidents has decreased significantly, the major accidents have decreased significantly, and the main relative indicators have decreased significantly; The overall level of safety production was significantly improved" We should persist in governing according to law, lay a solid foundation for safety, reduce the total number of accidents, and persist in curbing major accidents, so as to create a good safe production environment for building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way. "
Huang Yi, spokesman of the State Administration of work safety, has used a series of figures to strongly confirm this point” Just in the past 2013, the situation of work safety in China continued to maintain a stable improvement, and the goal of “three continuous declines” in the total number of accidents, major accidents and major relative indicators was achieved. ” Huang Yi told reporters that last year, the total number of accidents in China decreased by more than 27700, 8.2% year on year. The number of accident deaths decreased by 2549, a year-on-year decrease of 3.5%< On February 25, Yang Dongliang, director of the State Administration of work safety, explained the draft to the Standing Committee meeting of the National People's Congress, stressing that at present, production safety accidents are still in the peak period of frequent occurrence, especially serious accidents have not been effectively curbed, and all aspects of production safety need to be further strengthened
“the situation is still grim.” When talking about the current situation of work safety, Huang Yi also stressed to reporters that “major accidents have not been fundamentally contained”. According to Huang Yi, in 2013, there were 49 major accidents in China, including 4 especially major accidents, with an average of more than one major accident in a week. At present, some deep-seated problems restricting production safety have not been fundamentally solved, and the total number of production safety accidents in some key industries is still relatively large. Effective containment of major accidents “is still the focus or task of our work.”
Huang Yi talked about the “6.3” catastrophic fire in Jilin Dehui last year, which killed 121 people. After that, a particularly serious “11.22” leakage and explosion accident occurred in Sinopec Huangwei oil pipeline in Qingdao, Shandong Province, causing heavy casualties and property losses” All these reveal that the awareness of safety development in some places and enterprises is not solid, and the idea of safety first has not been really established. There are many loopholes and hidden dangers in safety management, and many major hidden dangers have not been fundamentally eliminated. There are also some loopholes and problems in emergency response. “
to curb the frequent occurrence of accidents, the new mission of the law of repair is completed
the frequent occurrence of safety production accidents and the frequent alarm. How can we avoid the tragedy from happening again? What kind of mission and responsibility will law revision bear
“deepen the reform of safety production management system, establish hidden danger investigation and treatment system and safety prevention and control system, and curb major safety accidents.” This is the explicit requirement of the Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee on work safety. The new CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the general secretary attached great importance to work safety. Br/>
in May 2013 and June, general secretary Xi Jinping held the two meeting of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the CPC for an important speech after a serious safety accident occurred in enterprises such as Jilin, Guizhou and other grain storage enterprises. After 11. 22 “Sinopec Donghuang oil pipeline leakage and explosion major accident”, general secretary Xi Jinping made a special trip to Qingdao and delivered an important speech, putting forward new requirements for work safety. Br/>
Xi Jinping pointed out that “we should always put the safety of people’s lives in the first place”. “Development must not be sacrificed to the cost of human life. 1t must be an impassable red line”, which profoundly illustrates the extreme importance of work safety. Xi Jinping stressed in particular that safety production must adhere to the responsibility system of “party and government responsibility, one responsibility, one responsibility and one responsibility” and Party committees and governments at all levels should enhance their sense of responsibility, implement the responsibility system for production safety, implement direct supervision of the competent departments of the industry, supervise the safety supervision departments, and supervise local governments. We must adhere to the principle of safety in the management of industry, business and production. Xi Jinping pointed out that we should increase the weight of safety production index assessment and implement a “one vote veto” for safety production and major safety production accidents.
Huang Yi pointed out, “this not only requires us to make further improvements in this year’s work, but also to consolidate the good momentum of the development of work safety. There is also an urgent need to improve the system by promoting the amendment of the law, and strengthen the management of production safety according to law. “
“the lesson of blood can no longer be confirmed at the cost of blood.” Wu Yanyun, deputy director of the Department of policies and regulations of the State Administration of work safety, stressed that serious treatment of persons responsible for work safety accidents has certainly played a considerable role in warning and deterrence. However, strengthening accountability and serious investigation of accident responsibility are not the first priority of safety production management
Wu Yanyun told reporters that the amendment hopes to improve some institutional arrangements to strengthen the prevention in advance, and curb the occurrence of major safety accidents by improving the rule of law. 1f we can find and rectify all kinds of unsafe hidden dangers, such as the dangerous state of things, people’s unsafe behavior, management defects and so on, we can avoid the repeated occurrence of tragedies< According to Wu Yanyun, the relationship between safety and development needs to be straightened out in order to prevent accidents in advance, so as to ensure the safety access; 1t is necessary to implement enterprise responsibility, investigate and control hidden dangers, establish safety production responsibility system, and ensure that safety investment, safety training, basic management and emergency rescue are in place; 1t is necessary to strengthen government supervision, move the gateway forward, investigate the production safety situation of enterprises, and maintain a high-pressure situation” All these have been fully reflected in the first draft and will be fully reflected in the subsequent legal amendments. “ the amendment actively responds to the people’s demands for safety human life is of vital importance, which is the most appropriate way to describe the work of production safety. Oil pipeline explosion, frequent coal mine explosion, fireworks factory explosion… One by one shocking major accident, seriously endangering the safety of people’s lives and property the rule of law is the foundation of work safety, and it is necessary to build a solid legal foundation of work safety” Let safety and production and operation go hand in hand, and make the legal system more operational. “ââ?Members of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress expressed this consensus in the deliberation during the deliberation, many members stressed that the issue of production safety is related to people’s livelihood. 1n recent years, China’s production safety situation continues to improve steadily, but the same as this