Small products and big safety of medical protective masks

Haze is no longer the “patent” of Hebei, Beijing and Tianjin. Since the winter of 2013, Jiangsu, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Henan, Shandong and other places have experienced continuous haze weather. Haze has brought adverse effects on people’s lives, but it has made the mask market hot. 1n this regard, food and drug regulators suggest that although the mask is a small product, it is directly related to people’s life and health, and its safety should not be ignored. Recently, the food and drug regulatory authorities in Jiangxi, Jiangsu and other places have carried out sampling inspection on medical mask products and found that the problem of unqualified products is prominent, and some enterprises have problems of shoddy workmanship, rough manufacturing and confused labeling< As we all know, the prevalence of SARS, influenza A (H1N1) virus and h7n9 influenza virus has enhanced people's awareness of using masks to prevent diseases. For the continuous haze weather in many areas, medical experts suggest that people use masks to prevent the inhalation of harmful solid particles Lin Minggui, director of 309 Hospital of PLA and Tuberculosis Research 1nstitute of PLA, told reporters that haze is a combination of “fog” and “haze”. 1nhalable solid particles (PM10) with a diameter of more than 10 microns in haze can be discharged from the respiratory tract through cough reflex; 1f inhaled for a long time, the inhalable solid particles (PM2.5) with diameter less than or equal t2.5 μ m will deposit in the lung, and even adhere to the alveolar surface. Severe cough reflex, drugs and food can not drive them out. What’s more, long-term inhalation of PM2.5 can lead to the decrease of alveolar elasticity and function, and even induce pulmonary fibrosis, thus affecting the respiratory function, which can hardly be reversed. Therefore, when encountering haze weather, people should try to reduce going out, and it is best to wear medical masks with effective protective effect when going out< There are many kinds of masks in the market, such as fancy fashion masks, traditional skim gauze masks, ordinary medical masks and medical protective masks, and masks marked "PM2.5 prevention", The unit price ranges from a few yuan to dozens of yuan “in the eyes of the public, the mask is a small product, because it has neither advanced technology nor life-saving medical equipment, and the price is relatively cheap. However, for this small product, the State Food and drug administration has issued documents many times to make clear provisions on its registration and supervision, and adjust the management category of masks from the first category to the second category. This situation is rare in all medical device products. ” The supervisor of Jiangxi Provincial Bureau said according to the introduction of supervisors, masks can be roughly divided into two categories according to their functions: one is ordinary masks managed as ordinary commodities, such as ordinary skim gauze masks and ordinary dust masks; The other is medical mask as medical device management. What consumers need to pay attention to is that ordinary dust masks are only daily necessities, and there are no unified requirements on the material and specification. They are mainly used for cold protection and dust prevention, and are not suitable for disease prevention; Ordinary skim gauze mask is a kind of protective health care products, which has a certain filtering effect on microorganisms, droplets and dust in the air, and is only suitable for general health protection; As the second type of medical device management, medical masks are divided into three types: medical protective masks, medical surgical masks and ordinary medical masks. Their protective effects are obviously different, and their uses are clearly defined. Consumers need to choose according to their needs the quality of production is worrying China is a big country in the production and export of masks in the world, as well as a big country in the production and export of non-woven materials for masks. 1t is understood that some domestic mask manufacturers have mastered the production technology of N95 or equivalent masks, some domestic masks have become famous brand products, and the mask industry has become a pillar industry in Xiantao and other areas of Hubei Province< However, the supervisor of Anhui Provincial Bureau told the reporter that at present, the market of high-tech and high value-added masks is still dominated by foreign brands. The characteristics of most domestic mask manufacturers are scattered, small and miscellaneous. They mainly produce low-grade masks with low technology and low value-added. Some enterprises have poor production conditions and weak quality awareness. Now, the profit of a low-end mask can only be calculated by "points". Under the pressure of product homogeneity and vicious price competition, some manufacturers have the production concept of only quantity, not quality, which leads to the quality of masks worrying. 1n addition, there is an urgent need to standardize the mask standards, classification, registration and management in China copyright notice: This article is reproduced from the network media, only represents the author’s point of view, and has nothing to do with this website. 1f the information column articles and comments violate your legal rights, please call to let us know and we will deal with them in time

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