Some thoughts on the present situation of dust masks and gas masks in China

Recently, the State Administration of work safety released the special investigation report on the use of dust masks and gas masks. The report conducted a questionnaire survey on 106 enterprises in six provinces (cities) of China, and sampled and tested the dust masks and gas masks used by 37 enterprises. The results showed that the qualified rate of sampling products was low, some products did not have “safety signs” and the quality of products distributed by enterprises was low. 1n China, there are a large number of workers exposed to dust and toxic substances. The use of dust masks and gas masks and other labor protection articles is very common. The problems in the production and use of dust masks directly threaten the health and life safety of workers. To solve these problems, the government and enterprises need to work together

first, thoroughly implement the regulations on supervision and management of labor protection articles, and strengthen the management of “safety signs” of special labor protection articles Since the promulgation and implementation of the regulations on the supervision and management of labor protection articles for eight years, it has played an important role in standardizing the market management of labor protection articles and protecting the occupational safety and health of workers. However, there are still some areas and enterprises can not effectively implement the relevant provisions, there are production enterprises artificially reduce product quality, using enterprises to purchase low-cost low-quality products and other adverse phenomena. The safety supervision departments at all levels should continue to promote the implementation of the regulations on the supervision and administration of labor protection articles, and earnestly strengthen the supervision of the production, operation and use units of labor protection articles; The special labor protection articles such as dust masks and gas masks should be listed as the key supervision contents, the management of “safety signs” should be strengthened, the random inspection of products in circulation and use should be strengthened, and the qualification of production enterprises to use “safety signs” should be resolutely suspended or cancelled for the products that fail to meet the standards; We will work with industry and commerce, quality inspection and other departments to crack down on fake and shoddy products, ban “three noes” production enterprises in accordance with the law, and standardize the market order of labor protection articles< Second, manufacturers should establish brand awareness and constantly improve product quality. At present, China's dust masks and gas masks production enterprises are mostly small and medium-sized enterprises, or even workshop type enterprises. The production scale is small, the management level is low, the scientific research force is poor, the product quality is not guaranteed, and the wearing comfort is poor. With the continuous development of China's economy and society, the state's supervision on the prevention and control of occupational diseases is constantly strengthened, the self-protection awareness of workers is gradually improved, and the market has higher and higher requirements on the quality and performance of labor protection articles. At the same time, some international famous brands have entered our country, and the market competition of labor protection products is becoming more and more fierce. 1n order to survive and develop, domestic production enterprises must improve their production and management concepts and establish brand awareness. On the one hand, we should strictly control the quality, improve the production process and management level to ensure that the indicators of products meet the national and industrial standards; On the other hand, we should pay attention to scientific research investment, speed up the upgrading of products, and constantly improve the scientific and technological content and wearing comfort of products< Third, users should improve their ideological understanding and constantly standardize the management of labor protection articles. At present, China is still in the primary stage of socialism. Many industrial enterprises, especially small and medium-sized enterprises, have backward production technology, poor facilities and equipment, and pneumoconiosis and occupational poisoning incidents occur from time to time. 1t is particularly urgent and important to strengthen workers' respiratory protection. Enterprises with occupational hazardous factors should truly establish the people-oriented idea, arrange and implement special funds, equip workers with dust masks, gas masks and other labor protection articles that meet the national or industrial standards, and should not be replaced by money or other articles; Constantly standardize the management of labor protection articles, establish and improve the management system of procurement, acceptance, distribution, storage, replacement, scrap, etc; Strengthen daily supervision and inspection, urge and educate workers to wear and use labor protection articles as required< Fourthly, strengthen propaganda and education to improve the self-protection awareness and ability of workers. At present, a considerable number of enterprises are restricted by economic and technical conditions, so it still needs a process to completely control and eliminate occupational hazards. 1n this case, the self-protection consciousness and ability of workers are directly related to the actual effect of occupational disease prevention. Safety supervision departments and trade union organizations at all levels should make full use of platforms such as "publicity week of law on prevention and control of occupational diseases", "safety production month" and "Ankang Cup" competition, and carry out various publicity and education activities such as knowledge competition, literature and art performance and tour report to help workers improve their self-protection awareness. The employers should strengthen the training and education, conduct the occupational health training and education for the workers who are exposed to the occupational harmful factors before and during the work, guide the workers to correctly use and maintain the labor protection articles, and effectively improve the self-protection ability of the workers, especially the migrant workers our website solemnly declares that this article is reprinted by network media, only representing the author’s point of view, and has nothing to do with our website. 1f the information column articles and comments violate your legal rights, please call to let us know and we will deal with them in time

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