Supervision rules for work with toxic and harmful gases

Article 1 industrial toxic liquid, gas and dust invade human body through respiratory tract, esophagus and skin, causing toxicity to human body and easily causing poisoning accidents and occupational diseases. 1n order to ensure the safety and health of workers, it is necessary to do a good job in the prevention and protection of harmful and toxic gases

Article 2 all equipment, containers, pipelines and valves with harmful and toxic gases shall be sealed

Article 3 strengthen the planned overhaul and regular inspection and maintenance of equipment to eliminate running, emitting, dripping and leakage

Article 4 the posts with harmful and toxic gases should make full use of natural ventilation and mechanical ventilation, especially strengthen the ventilation and exhaust of the places where workers often operate and activities and the pump room, so as to ensure sufficient fresh air

Article 5 it is forbidden to discharge toxic and harmful gases to space, ground and sewer at will. 1f it is necessary to discharge toxic and harmful gases in production, it shall be approved by the leader and corresponding measures shall be taken. The vent pipe of the equipment should be more than 2m higher than the highest equipment operated nearby

Article 6 the operation of entering tower and tank must go through the approval procedures, and can only be carried out after approval. Measures shall be taken, and special personnel shall be assigned to supervise, and the personnel of gas control station shall supervise if necessary

Article 7 employees should understand and master the nature of various poisons, poisoning symptoms, poisoning prevention measures and first aid methods, etc

Article 8 the gas protection station shall set up special cabinets for accidents according to the nature of hazardous substances at posts, and be equipped with protective equipment and personal articles for accidents, and protective equipment for posts< Article 9 every employee should learn how to use and maintain protective equipment. The gas prevention station shall educate the staff on the knowledge of gas protection and the use of equipment, and conduct guidance and inspection to ensure the safety and reliability of protective equipment Article 10 when exposed to toxic and harmful substances, corrosive substances and high concentration dust, in addition to face protection, full body protective equipment should also be worn< Article 11 the transportation, storage and safekeeping of toxic and harmful substances shall be carried out in accordance with relevant safety regulations Article 12 all operations entering tower, tank and container must be strictly handled with maintenance permit, fire permit and tower and tank permit, which can only be carried out after being approved and qualified Article 13 guardians with strong sense of responsibility, skilled skills and good health should be selected. Before work, we must understand the nature of the work, point out the safety points to the maintenance personnel, guide them to prepare long tube masks and related protective equipment, and wear self-use protective equipment Article 14 guardians should check the implementation of protective measures, including: 1. 1solation from toxic gas (disconnection, blind plate plugging, etc.) 2< 3. Temperature and pressure 4< 5. Preparation of safety belt, safety lamp and other protective equipment 6. Preparation of fire appliances, tools and appliances 7. Staff’s understanding of safety measures< 8. Other safety measures Article 15 when the guardian feels unwell or has difficulty breathing at work, he should leave the workplace before taking off his mask Article 16 the selection of air suction point of long tube mask must consider the wind direction, height from the ground and whether there is another poison source around. Pay attention not to let soil and ash particles contact the long pipe inlet Article 17 when the blind plate is blocked by poisonous and harmful gas, the pressure of non irritant gas shall not exceed 200 mm water column, the pressure of irritant gas shall not exceed 50 mm water column, and the temperature shall not exceed 60 ℃ Article 18 when carrying out the work that can release toxic gas, the irrelevant personnel should leave a certain distance, and if necessary, the supervisor can ask the workshop to send another person to guard the poison area, so as to avoid poisoning the irrelevant personnel Article 19 according to the situation, the guardian must remind the staff in advance that it is not allowed to strike the equipment and pipes with iron tools that are dangerous to burn or explode, and use copper tools or iron tools coated with grease to work Article 20 in the process of guardianship, the guardian is not allowed to leave the work post, should always pay attention to the situation of the ward, and should not help the ward work and forget his guardianship responsibility Article 21 1f an accident occurs to the ward, the guardian should first give prompt and effective rescue, call other people at the same time, and immediately notify the health center by telephone Article 22 in case of violation of regulations or disobedience to command, the guardian has the right to stop his work and report to the relevant leaders. 1f the work can not be carried out according to the safety regulations for some reason, other reliable measures must be taken. With the consent of the factory director, the supervisor on duty is always on the scene, and the guardian can supervise, otherwise he has the right to refuse Article 23 a guardian can’t supervise two work sites at the same time, and can’t undertake the task of guardianship of multiple persons. For work guardianship with more than three persons, the number of guardians should be increased appropriately Article 24 guardians can’t take on the work of guardianship for a long time, and patients can’t insist on guardianship reluctantly

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