the classification of fiber, yarn and fabric is clear at a glance

Fiber classification

plant fiber: cotton, hemp

animal fiber: silk, wool

man made fiber (regeneration): viscose, soybean fiber, glass fiber, metal fiber

synthetic fiber: polyester, nylon, nitrile, vitamin, propylene, ammonia, chlorine (fiber)

classification of yarn

pure cotton yarn: Combed / semi combed / combed High strength, easy to color)

chemical fiber yarn: polyester, nitrile, viscose, chloro fiber yarn

blended yarn: T / C, C / C, t / R

ply yarn: yarn made of two or more yarns

filament: monofilament and multifilament

textured yarn: high elastic nylon yarn, low elastic polyester yarn, acrylic bulky yarn

fancy yarn: slubby yarn Classification of fabric

1. According to the raw materials used in yarn classification

the warp and weft yarn of fabric is composed of a single raw material. Such as cotton fabric, hemp fabric, silk fabric, wool fabric and so on. 1t also includes purified fabrics made of chemical fibers, such as artificial cotton, polyester silk, acrylic cloth, etc. The main feature is that it reflects the basic properties of its constituent fibers

blended fabric

a fabric made of two or more fibers with the same or different chemical composition. The main feature of blended fabric is to reflect the superior properties of various fibers in the raw materials, so as to improve the wearability of fabric and expand the applicability of clothing. Varieties are: Hemp / cotton, wool / cotton, wool / hemp / silk, wool / polyester, polyester / cotton, etc

naming principle: the one with large blending ratio comes first, and the one with small blending ratio comes last; With the same blending ratio, natural fiber comes first, synthetic fiber comes second and man-made fiber comes last

interweaved fabric

the raw materials of warp and weft are different, or one group of warp and weft is filament yarn and the other is short fiber yarn. The basic properties of interweaved fabrics are determined by different kinds of yarns, and generally have the characteristics of different warp and weft directions. 1ts varieties are interwoven with silk and wool, silk and cotton, etc2. According to the processing method of forming fabric, shuttle fabric refers to the fabric processed by shuttle or shuttleless loom with warp and weft. The main feature is that the cloth surface can be divided into warp and weft. When the warp and weft raw materials, yarn count and density are different, the fabric is anisotropic

knitted fabric

refers to the fabric that uses one or a group of yarns as raw materials and is processed by weft knitting machine or warp knitting machine to form a loop. According to the processing method, it can be divided into single-sided weft (Warp) knitted fabric and double-sided weft (Warp) knitted fabric< Non woven fabric is a kind of textile which is directly made up of fiber layer through adhesion, fusion or other processing without traditional spinning and weaving process

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