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The new British government is about to start a “power revolution” and the 1D card will be abolished

British Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg announced the political reform plan on behalf of the new government on the 19th, including abolishing the 1D card, decentralizing the social management power of the central government, reforming the electoral system, and giving the people the power to hold corrupt members accountable

Clegg said that this reform plan will set off the most far-reaching “power revolution” in the UK in the past 200 years, and “fundamentally readjust the relationship between the government and citizens” so that citizens can manage the country

weakening the “nanny state”

according to the New York Times, this reform plan will make the British “nanny state” spread back

during its 13 years in power, the Labor Party has set up many legal and administrative institutions and monitoring systems, but critics accuse the “nanny state” of restraining individual freedom. Among the developed countries, the British government is the most powerful

Clegg, Deputy Prime Minister and leader of the Liberal Democratic Party, said that the conservative Liberal Democratic party coalition government will put an end to the “political culture of secretly monitoring its citizens”, abolish the 1D card system that the labor government has spent a lot of money to implement, and abandon the implementation of a new generation of “biometric” passport. The new passport can contain a lot of personal information

Clegg said that in the future, the government will be further constrained in intercepting and controlling personal 1nternet and e-mail information, as well as in storing DNA data of citizens who have not committed crimes

the new government also intends to impose restrictions on tens of thousands of CCTV cameras in public places” To Treat honest, law-abiding citizens like this is to assume that they have something to hide, “Clegg said.” it’s intolerable. “

Britain has surveillance cameras in public places such as shopping malls, streets, hospitals, etc., so as to facilitate the police to track suspect and victim, but critics complain that for many years, this has hardly played a role in deterring crime rate. 1n terms of political system, the reform plan promises that all the upper house of the British Parliament will be elected in the future, so as to break the “hereditary power” of the members of the upper house; A referendum will be held to decide whether to reform the electoral system for the lower house of Parliament

this proposal proposes that candidates for the house of commons should win at least 50% of the votes in their constituencies before they can be elected

under the current single constituency system in the UK, a candidate only needs to get a simple majority to win. This kind of electoral system usually benefits big parties. Setting a “hard bar” to the vote rate will effectively shake the “seat tenure” of many MPs

the new government will adopt the “power withdrawal” system: voters can ask parliament to remove the wrong members as long as they collect 10000 petition signatures. The new government will also introduce new laws to regulate the $3.5 billion-a-year political lobbying industry

this reform proposal proposes to fix the term of office of the parliament to five years, and the legislation stipulates that the motion of no confidence in the government needs the support of at least 55% of the members of the house of Commons before it can be passed. According to the ruling coalition, this measure is intended to prevent political parties from forcing the house of Commons to dissolve and hold elections ahead of schedule for the sake of party interests< According to the analysis of the New York Times, these changes will decentralize the power of the British central government Clegg said that Britain is “in some ways the most centralized European country”. The new government will abandon the Labor Party’s idea that “social change must be forced by the central government” and give civil society groups a greater say in the management of hospitals, schools, local police forces and other things “we don’t feel insecure by giving up these powers,” he said return to “factory settings” The Daily Telegraph of the UK commented that this political reform plan shows that the new government is trying to eliminate the damage caused by the Labor Party’s administration to a considerable extent and “return our political institutional arrangements to factory settings” the scheme was criticized immediately after it was published. Opponents believe that the “risk” and “overdraft risk” of the plan are “smoke bombs” to cover up the wide differences between the Conservative Party and the Liberal Democratic Party according to the analysis of the New York Times, whether the reform can be realized may depend on whether the ruling coalition can resist the strong pressure from the Conservatives and the Liberal Democratic Party, especially the right-wing conservatives some supporters worry that vested interest groups have long been used to unrestricted executive power, and even if the new government can overcome their opposition, the reform plan will take many years to implement Alan Johnson, a member of the Labor Party and former home secretary, accused Clegg of “exaggerating” the shortcomings of the monitoring system of the Ministry of the interior, saying that the relevant monitoring regulations introduced by the Labor Party enjoy wide public support< On the 19th, Clegg said that the new government knows that many people are skeptical of the plan. "All politicians say that they want to give people more power to manage their own lives", but "this government will make this sentence a reality."(Hu Ruoyu)

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