The “white injury” of occupational disease should be included in the safety assessment

Not long ago, the author went to the production workshop of an enterprise to check the safety production, and found that the safety operation procedures of the workshop were relatively perfect, and the staff operation was also very standardized. However, there was a lot of dust generated during the operation of the workshop equipment, but the workshop did not install the corresponding dust suppression equipment, did not formulate dust prevention technical measures, and the staff did not wear dust masks

the person in charge of the workshop said that as long as the equipment is overhauled and maintained well, and the staff operate in strict accordance with the operating procedures, there will be no safety accidents. When the inspection team put forward the dust hazards, the person in charge said that there was no occupational disease index in the safety index of the enterprise assessment workshop

for a long time, the society has paid more attention to the safety accidents known as “red wounds”, and strengthening safety production has become the mantra of managers at all levels of enterprises, while the bloodless “white wounds”, namely occupational diseases and occupational hazards, are easy to be despised because of their occult and delayed characteristics. The awareness of occupational hazard prevention and control in some enterprises is not strong. However, “white injury” refers to occupational disease and occupational hazard. More and more people are harmed, the potential harm is more serious, and the long-term damage is greater

the author has been engaged in work safety inspection for many years, and knows that the assessment indicators of work safety responsibility formulated by some enterprises include “red injury” such as death, serious injury and minor injury, but not “white injury”. 1n the implementation of occupational hazard prevention and control responsibility, the responsibility of occupational hazard prevention and control is not included in the letter of responsibility signed by the enterprise legal person and the person in charge of the subordinate production units and relevant departments. 1n the safety inspection organized by many enterprises, the prevention and control of occupational hazards are not inspected

it should be noted that in the past 11 years since the promulgation of the occupational disease prevention and control law, enterprises have paid more attention to labor safety than ever before. However, with the changes of social and economic development concept, enterprise business model, labor employment system and other factors, the situation of occupational health is still worrying, and occupational hazards are still a topic of social concern. Statistics show that there are more than 16 million toxic and harmful enterprises in China, and more than 200 million people suffer from occupational hazards. The direct economic loss caused by occupational hazards reaches 100 billion yuan every year, and the labor loss caused by occupational diseases is even more difficult to estimate with money

pay attention to the prevention and control of occupational hazards, highlight the awe of life. The prevention and control of occupational hazards should be a complete chain, which can be put into the end, and this end is the production site of the enterprise. The key to the emergence of occupational diseases is the problem in the prevention link, and the main responsibility of prevention is the enterprise. The “white injury” will be included in the enterprise safety assessment index system, and the responsibility will be decomposed and implemented to the heads of all units and departments of the enterprise, which can make the on-site implementation and supervision more powerful

first of all, it is necessary to solve the ideological awareness of enterprise managers, correct the ideological tendency of “emphasizing development over health, emphasizing benefit over investment, emphasizing treatment over prevention, emphasizing” red injury “over” white injury “, and establish the concept of” white injury is an accident “. By combining qualitative and quantitative indicators, the “white injury” is quantified as the control indicators of occupational disease prevention and control planning and responsibility system, occupational health training rate, occupational health examination rate, detection rate of occupational hazard factors, notification rate of occupational hazard contracts, number of new cases of occupational diseases, etc., which are included in the scope of enterprise safety assessment indicators

in the letter of responsibility for work safety signed by the enterprise legal person and the person in charge of its subordinate units and departments, the occupational hazard prevention requirements and assessment indicators should be included, which are the same arrangement, inspection and assessment

the trade union organizations of enterprises should also strengthen the supervision on the prevention and control of occupational hazards in various departments and units, and form a long-term mechanism for the prevention and control of occupational diseases in multiple departments. 1n addition, safety supervision, occupational health and other government departments should strengthen the supervision and inspection of enterprises

the prevention and control of occupational hazards is related to the health and life safety of workers. To curb the pain of invisible “white injury” not only needs the attention of the society and the supervision of the government, but also needs enterprises to establish the people-oriented concept, revere the law and life for a long time, strengthen the prevention and control of occupational diseases, and protect the health of workers

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