What occupational hazards exist in agricultural production

China is a large agricultural country. Agricultural production includes not only traditional crop planting and harvesting, but also forestry, animal husbandry, sideline, fishing and other operations. Agricultural production has obvious seasonality. Affected by the region and climate, as well as agricultural mechanization and the use of pesticides and chemical fertilizers, the occupational hazards in agricultural production are diverse, regional and seasonal< (1) chemical harmful factors 1) pesticide farmland, orchard, forest farm use a large number of pesticides, if the user lacks safety knowledge, illegal application, poor personal protection or poor health habits, resulting in clothing, skin and respiratory tract contamination, poisoning accidents will occur 2) the damage of chemical fertilizer varies with its variety. 1t is easy to cause dermatitis or eczema in summer, and keratinization and rupture in winter 3) when the concentration of carbon monoxide produced by agricultural machinery such as tractor, carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide and carbon monoxide emitted from potato cellar and vegetable cellar, methane, hydrogen sulfide and other asphyxiating gases emitted from biogas digester, manure tank and sewage well is high, it can cause “electric shock” poisoning, and even death in serious cases< (2) physical harmful factors (1) field work is often affected by high temperature and solar radiation in severe cold and hot summer, and people’s body temperature rises with the temperature. When the field temperature is 35 ℃ higher, people will have accumulated heat and heat stroke, and sweat caused by high temperature will cause sodium ion loss and heat spasm, Excessive solar radiation causes a series of heatstroke reactions such as sunstroke. 1n winter, if you work under – 5 ℃ for a long time, it will affect the immune ability of the body, easily suffer from cold, pneumonia and other diseases, causing neuritis, lumbocrural pain and rheumatic diseases. Exposed hands, feet, face and ears are prone to frostbite and frostbite, and limb gangrene may occur in severe cases 2) noise and vibration are produced by tractors, water pumps, threshers, electric mills and automobiles used in agricultural production. Their harm to human body is not only hearing loss, but also other physiological and psychological damage, such as neurasthenia, high blood pressure and vibration diseases 3) dust in agricultural production mainly includes soil, plant dust and moldy dust. For example, wheat awn causes redness, swelling, itching and pain in the contact area, cotton dust causes upper respiratory tract irritation, fever, cough, chest tightness and even pneumoconiosis, hay contaminated by wheat spores, etc. the dust generated during transportation and cutting can cause sudden onset of disease, fever, shortness of breath, dry cough, etc. repeated attacks will damage lung function and even lose the ability to work< (3) biological factors there are many kinds of zoonotic diseases, such as anthrax, brucellosis, leptospirosis and so on. Dogs, snakes and leeches also often cause human injuries. Paddy field dermatitis is a common disease of paddy field workers. Hookworm dermatitis can be seen in areas where hookworm disease is prevalent< (4) other factors in agricultural labor, there are often lifting heavy objects and bad posture labor, which are prone to acute strain of tendon surrounding tissue, chronic lumbar muscle strain and other muscle and skeletal diseases. Standing for a long time can cause varicose veins in lower limbs, and in severe cases, suppurative thrombophlebitis can be formed. Heavy labor women often have abnormal menstruation and uterine prolapse, serious cases can cause uterine prolapse and vaginal wall prolapse. 1n addition, trauma is also a high incidence of injury in agricultural production our website solemnly declares that this article is reprinted by network media, only representing the author’s point of view, and has nothing to do with our website. 1f the information column articles and comments violate your legal rights, please call to let us know and we will deal with them in time

Back to list