PPE

Who will pay for the new occupational patients

due to the strong supervision and detection, some traditional occupational diseases such as silicosis, gasoline poisoning and industrial fluorosis have decreased year by year in Ningbo; However, cervical spondylosis, mouse hand, dry eye and a series of new “occupational diseases” are more and more. This is what the reporter learned recently from the publicity week of “occupational disease prevention and control law” held in Ningbo

however, these new “occupational diseases” have not been included in the management scope of the occupational disease prevention and control law, and patients can not get corresponding compensation

Case: Zhang Jing, 35, has been engaged in computer copywriting for five years. He works at his desk for at least eight hours a day and sometimes has to work overtime for one or two hours

since last year, he has often felt dizzy because he has been working hard on the computer for a long time. When he looks up, his neck will make a noise and his shoulders will ache inexplicably

the doctor told him that he was suffering from severe cervical spondylosis and scapulohumeral periarthritis. Because of his serious condition, he received surgical treatment in the Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University three months ago, and spent more than 40000 yuan

to his surprise, the company not only refused to compensate for the injuries and medical expenses, but also suspended his salary during his hospitalization

Zhang Jing decided to protect his rights in accordance with the law when many negotiations failed. But the health supervision department said that cervical spondylosis and other new diseases were not included in the category of occupational diseases stipulated by the state, so he could not be identified as an occupational disease. Labor and social security departments also believe that this disease can not be identified as work-related injury

“my illness is obviously caused by my occupation. Why can’t it be regarded as an occupational disease or an industrial injury?” Zhang Jing still can’t figure it out

current situation: there are more and more patients with new “occupational diseases”

the reporter learned from several major hospitals in Ningbo that in recent years, with the increase of emerging industries and occupations, the incidence of related occupational diseases has also begun to rise

the Sixth Hospital of Ningbo is the largest orthopedic and hand surgery hospital in our city. Speaking of cervical spondylosis, chief physician Ma Weihu, an orthopedic expert in our hospital, said that this disease has become a frequent disease, especially for some young white-collar workers. Many patients are caused by long-term ambush work, and sometimes more than 10 cases need to be treated in the outpatient clinic every day

Chen Hong, director of the Department of hand surgery in our hospital, also said that “mouse hands” are common. Several cases can be found in every outpatient department, and there are three or five operations a week. This kind of disease is mainly manifested as numbness and acid swelling of the hands, and even muscle atrophy. 1n the past, cooks and painters who used to use their wrists more frequently got the disease. Now, with the popularity of computers, the number of patients engaged in 1T industry has increased significantly

the reporter also learned from a number of hospitals in the city that the number of patients with occupation related diseases such as dry eye, lumbar muscle strain, scapulohumeral periarthritis and retinal detachment is increasing year by year. Lu Meifen, chief physician of the acupuncture and massage department of the first municipal hospital, told reporters that in recent years, the number of patients with neck, shoulder, waist and leg pain increased rapidly, and showed a very obvious younger trend. Their department receives 500 or 600 patients a month, almost half of them are patients with cervical and lumbar diseases, most of which are caused by their own occupation

viewpoint: it is necessary to revise the catalogue of occupational diseases

the relevant person in charge of the occupational disease prevention and Control Department of the Municipal 1nstitute of Health Supervision said that in recent years, the number of patients with cervical spondylosis, mouse hand and other new “occupational diseases” has increased year by year. However, it is a pity that the statutory occupational diseases must be published in the catalogue of occupational diseases, and those not included in it are not included, so many cases cannot be accepted

it is understood that the “catalogue of occupational diseases” implemented in China was released in April 2002, which has not changed for more than nine years. Among them, there are 115 kinds of occupational diseases in 10 categories, such as pneumoconiosis and occupational poisoning

“although the occupational diseases are not necessarily occupational diseases, the relevant state departments should make necessary amendments to the definition of occupational diseases in time, so as to better ensure the health and interests of the injured people.” The person in charge said

“in line with the concept of human care and legal equality, the types of occupational disease identification in China should also be continuously expanded, and the relevant legislative work should be strengthened, so as to provide a strong legal guarantee for workers’ rights protection action.” An expert who has been engaged in the prevention and control of occupational diseases for many years from the Municipal Health Bureau also thinks so

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