PPE

Xi Jinping: speech at the 40th anniversary conference to celebrate reform and opening up

Speech at the 40th Anniversary Conference on reform and opening up

(December 18, 2018)

comrades Xi Jinping

, friends:

December 18, 1978, in the history of the Chinese nation, in the history of the Communist Party of China, in the history of People’s Republic of China, it will be an important date in the annals of history. On this day, our party held the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee, realizing a great turning point of far-reaching significance in the party’s history since the founding of new China, and starting the great journey of reform, opening up and socialist modernization

today, we gather here solemnly to review the glorious course of 40 years of reform and opening up, sum up the great achievements and valuable experience of reform and opening up, mobilize the whole Party and people of all ethnic groups to continue to push forward the reform and opening up in the new era, and make unremitting efforts to achieve the “two centenary” goals and realize the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation

comrades and friends

the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China was held at a crucial historical juncture when the party and the country are facing the future. At that time, with the rapid development of the world economy and the rapid development of science and technology, China’s economy was on the verge of collapse due to the civil strife in the decade of the “Cultural Revolution”, people’s food and clothing became a problem, and national construction was in full swing. Both inside and outside the party strongly demand that the mistakes of the “Cultural Revolution” be corrected so that the party and the country can rise up again from the crisis. Comrade Deng Xiaoping pointed out: “if we do not carry out reform now, our modernization and socialist cause will be ruined.”

under the leadership of Comrade Deng Xiaoping and with the support of the older generation of revolutionaries, the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China broke through the serious shackles of the long-term “left” mistakes, criticized the wrong policy of “two whatevers”, fully affirmed that we must master the scientific system of Mao Zedong thought completely and accurately, and highly valued the discussion on the standard of truth, We should resolutely end “taking class struggle as the key link” and re-establish the ideological, political and organizational line of Marxism. Since then, China’s reform and opening up opened the curtain

our party’s historic decision to implement reform and opening up is based on a deep grasp of the future and destiny of the party and the country, a deep summary of the practice of socialist revolution and construction, a deep insight into the trend of the times, and a deep understanding of the expectations and needs of the people. Comrade Deng Xiaoping pointed out: “poverty is not socialism” and “we should catch up with the times, which is the goal of reform.”

historical development has its own rules, but people are not completely passive in it. As long as we grasp the general trend of historical development, seize the opportunity of historical change, work hard and forge ahead, human society will be able to advance better

reform and opening up is a great awakening of our party, which breeds our party’s great creation from theory to practice. Reform and opening up is a great revolution in the development history of the Chinese people and the Chinese nation. 1t is this great revolution that has promoted the great leap of the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics

comrades and friends

the establishment of the Communist Party of China, the people’s Republic of China, the promotion of reform and opening up and the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics are the three major historical events in China since the May 4th movement, and the three major milestones in realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation since modern times

the Chinese Communists, with Comrade Mao Zedong as the main representative, combined the basic principles of Marxism Leninism with the concrete practice of the Chinese revolution, founded Mao Zedong thought, United and led the whole Party and the people of all ethnic groups, completed the new democratic revolution, established the people’s Republic of China and established the basic socialist system through long-term bloody struggle, 1t has successfully realized the most profound and greatest social change in Chinese history and laid a fundamental political premise and institutional foundation for all development and progress in contemporary China. 1n the process of exploration, although it has experienced serious twists and turns, the party’s original theoretical achievements and great achievements in the socialist revolution and construction have provided valuable experience, theoretical preparation and material basis for creating socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new historical period< After the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, the Chinese Communists, with Comrade Deng Xiaoping as the main representative, United and led the whole Party and the people of all ethnic groups, profoundly summed up the positive and negative experiences of China's socialist construction, drew lessons from the historical experience of socialism in the world, established Deng Xiaoping's theory, and made a decision to shift the work center of the party and the state to economic construction The historic decision of carrying out reform and opening up has profoundly revealed the essence of socialism, established the basic line of the primary stage of socialism, clearly put forward to take our own road and build socialism with Chinese characteristics, scientifically answered a series of basic questions about building socialism with Chinese characteristics, and formulated a development strategy of basically realizing socialist modernization in three steps by the middle of the 21st century, Successfully created socialism with Chinese characteristics< After the Fourth Plenary Session of the 13th CPC Central Committee, the Chinese Communists, with Comrade Jiang Zemin as the main representative, United and led the whole Party and the people of all ethnic groups, adhered to the party's basic theory and line, deepened their understanding of what socialism is, how to build socialism, what kind of party to build and how to build the party, and accumulated new valuable experience in party and state governance, The important thought of "Three Represents" has been formed. Facing the severe test of complicated domestic and international situations and serious twists and turns of world socialism, we have defended socialism with Chinese characteristics, established the reform objectives and basic framework of the socialist market economic system, established the basic economic system and distribution system in the primary stage of socialism, created a new situation of comprehensive reform and opening up, and promoted the new great project of Party building, Successfully push socialism with Chinese characteristics into the 21st century< After the 16th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Chinese Communists, with Comrade Hu Jintao as the main representative, United and led the whole Party and the people of all ethnic groups, adhered to the guidance of Deng Xiaoping Theory and the important thought of "Three Represents", profoundly understood and answered such major issues as what kind of development to achieve and how to develop under the new situation, and formed the scientific outlook on development, We should seize the important strategic opportunity period, promote practical innovation, theoretical innovation and institutional innovation in the process of building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way, emphasize people-oriented, comprehensive, coordinated and sustainable development, form the overall layout of the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics, strive to protect and improve people's livelihood, promote social fairness and justice, and promote the construction of a harmonious world, We have been promoting and building the party's governing capability and advanced nature, and China has successfully adhered to and developed socialism with Chinese characteristics at the new historical starting point. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee has united and led the whole Party and people of all ethnic groups to comprehensively examine the new situation at home and abroad. By summing up practice and looking forward to the future, the Party Central Committee has profoundly answered the major issue of the times: what kind of socialism with Chinese characteristics to adhere to and develop in the new era, and how to adhere to and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics, We have formed the thought of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, insisted on promoting the overall layout of "five in one" and the strategic layout of "four comprehensives" in a coordinated way, adhered to the general tone of seeking progress while maintaining stability, put forward a series of new ideas, new ideas and new strategies for all aspects of the work of the party and the state, and promoted historic changes and achievements in the cause of the party and the state, Socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era. With great political courage and wisdom, we put forward that the overall goal of comprehensively deepening reform is to improve and develop the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity, strive to enhance the systematicness, integrity and synergy of reform, focus on major institutional innovation, and strive to enhance the people's sense of gain, happiness and security, More than 1600 reform plans have been put forward, which have gnawed down a lot of hard bones and broken through a lot of rapids and dangerous shoals. The reform presents a situation of comprehensive development, multi-point breakthrough, rapid and steady pace and deep promotion it’s hard work that makes you successful. 1n the past 40 years, we have emancipated our minds, seek truth from facts, boldly tried and courageously changed, and made a new world. City a new force suddenly rises. One belt, one road to another, a township enterprise, a new town enterprise, a new business, a tax, a special tax, a special tax, a farm tax and a special tax. The three powers of the rural contracted land are divided, the battle is launched to fight poverty and the strategy of Rural Revitalization. The strategy is to open up the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone, the coastal areas along the river, and the central cities of the inland area to join the World Trade Organization and build the “one belt and one road”. We have set up pilot free trade zones, planned free trade ports with Chinese characteristics, and successfully held the first China 1nternational 1mport Expo. We have gone from “bringing in” to “going out”, from doing well in large and medium-sized state-owned enterprises, developing individual and private economy, to deepening the reform of state-owned assets and state-owned enterprises, and developing mixed ownership economy, from single public ownership to public ownership as the main body The economy of various ownership systems develops together and adheres to the “two unswervingly”, from the traditional planned economic system to the unprecedented socialist market economic system, to making the market play a decisive role in the allocation of resources and giving better play to the role of the government, from focusing on the reform of the economic system to comprehensively deepening the economic, political, cultural, social and economic development Reform of ecological civilization system and Party building system, reform of Party and state institutions, reform of administrative management system, reform of rule of law system, reform of judicial system, reform of foreign affairs system, reform of social governance system, reform of ecological environment supervision system, reform of national security system, reform of national defense and army, reform of Party leadership and Party building system A series of major reforms, such as the reform of the discipline inspection and supervision system, have been carried out in a down-to-earth manner, and various measures to facilitate, benefit and benefit the people have been continuously implemented, making the reform and opening up the most prominent feature and the most magnificent atmosphere of contemporary China comrades and friends in the past 40 years of reform and opening up, from the beginning of a new era to the beginning of a new century, from standing at a new starting point to entering a new era, 40 years of ups and downs, 40 years of brambles, 40 years of hard work, our party has led the people to draw a magnificent and magnificent historical picture, and composed a song of praises for the struggle that moved the earth and moved mountains and rivers – over the past 40 years, we have always adhered to emancipating the mind, seeking truth from facts, keeping pace with the times, seeking truth from facts, unswervingly adhering to the guiding position of Marxism, unswervingly adhering to the basic principles of scientific socialism, and courageously promoting theoretical innovation, practical innovation, institutional innovation, cultural innovation and innovation in all aspects, Constantly endowing socialism with Chinese characteristics with distinctive practical, theoretical, national and contemporary characteristics, forming the road, theory, system and culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics, highlighting the vitality of scientific socialism with irrefutable facts, and the great banner of socialism is always flying high in China – over the past 40 years, we have always adhered to economic construction as the center, and constantly liberated and developed social productive forces. China’s GDP has grown from 367.9 billion yuan to 82.7 trillion yuan in 2017, with an average annual real growth rate of 9.5%, far higher than the average annual growth rate of the world economy of about 2.9% in the same period. The proportion of China’s GDP in the world’s GDP has increased from 1.8% at the beginning of reform and opening up to 15.2% for many years